The Builders of Solomon's Temple
The cities of Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer have now been extensively excavated. A stratum containing large palaces, temples and strong fortifications was found in each of these cities. The name of Solomon was not found, but the cartouche of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III instead. Moreover, excavation of the Millo has revealed (due to pottery found in the Millo) that its original construction was also contemporary with the Egyptian 18th Dynasty of Amenhotep III.
Indeed, the Sages of Israel teach that a "Temple Scroll" had been given to Moses by G-d, and handed down in every generation. This document was a Divinely-ordained plan that contained details, drawings, and diagrams for the Temple and its vessels, including variations and innovations that could be made to suit the changing needs of the growing nation.Essentially, Solomon’s Temple was similar to the Tabernacle of the desert in its basic layout and design, only on a larger scale. Solomon increased the number of sacred vessels in use, according to the needs of Israel and the enlarged size of the Temple. For example, he built not one menorah, but ten, as well as ten lavers and tables. He also constructed vessels which were unique to this Temple. He made special "carts" which transported the lavers from place to place within the Temple. The "brazen sea," a large reservoir of water resting on twelve oxen, was one of the wonders of the ancient world.
The two great bronze shafts, standing in relief, formed an important feature in the architecture of the Temple. Each one was "thirty-five cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference" (70 feet high and 24 feet in circumference). They were highly ornamented by a network of brass, overhung with wreaths of bronze pomegranates, each row containing one hundred. Upon the pillars and the top of the chapiters were pommels (great bowls or vessels for oil) over which were hung, festoon-wise, wreaths of pomegranates, interspersed here and there with lily work. They bore the names of Jachin and Boaz and were placed in front of the porch leading to the Sanctuary. 2 Chron. 3:15; 1 Kings 7: 15-22; 2 Chron. 4: 12-13.
Egyptian connections and similarities to King Solomon's TempleThe image on the right and the one below is from Phoenix Masonry Their page offers much more on the subject of Solomons Temple and it's connection to Masonry.
"Solomon made an alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt and married his daughter. He brought her to the City of David until he finished building his palace and the temple of the LORD, and the wall around Jerusalem." - I Kings 3:1
"Solomon married Pharaoh's daughter so one might expect
a certain amount of Egyptian influence in the artistic tastes
of the Solomonic court. If we look at some of the ivories
from Megiddo's LB II palace we find a number of Egyptian motifs,
including papyrus plants, lilies and lotus flowers (the floral
motifs of Upper and Lower Egypt), as well as palm trees and
- David M. Rohl, A Test of Time: The Bible from Myth to History (1995), p. 178
The floor slanted gradually upwards from the outer courts to the sanctum, symbolizing the Primeval mound which had emerged from the chaotic waters when the world was created. Often the temple site was chosen where a natural incline could be found. The roof of the halls symbolized the sky and was decorated with stars and protective deities in the form of flying birds. The pillars and columns represented palm trees, lotus and papyrus plants and along the walls the reliefs depicted all kind of marsh vegetation. In fact, in some places the outer courts and halls were flooded with water during the yearly inundation of the Nile, something which must have helped to strengthen the symbolic message in the temple layout.
Approaching the pylon towers which made out the entrance into the Outer Court the processional path lead up to the great portal which was set between them. Passing through it one reached an outer court. The general worshipper was probably not allowed further into the temple building than this. Here he was met by priests who received his offerings and forwarded them into the temple.Often yet another pair of pylons had to be passed before the inner court was reached. These courtyards were without roof, this open space in front of the pylons went back to the original reed shrines in predynastic times. Reliefs on the walls depicted the king in battle or making offerings to the gods. It is uncertain if the common townspeople were allowed entry here, perhaps they were allowed to watch some of the rites on festival days.
Somewhere on the temple precinct was the purifying lake, a rectangular pool with stairs leading down into the water. Ritual purity was of the highest importance and the priests were required to purify themselves several times each day. The so called wae´b priests who were responsible for this purifying had been trained from the start of their priestly education. Also ritual tools and everything used at offerings were required to be purified for nothing unclean must come into the god's presence. One might speculate also about the natural necessity of this, in a climate where heat could be quite bothersome.
As the story goes;
964 B.C. Solomon ordered the start of preparations for the construction of the First Temple. Hiram, King of Tyre, a good friend of both he and his father, had already volunteered to provide all the timber such as cedar, pine and olive wood from the Lebanon in return for food for his own people and the gift of 20 small townships near the Sea of Galilee. The two kings sealed their agreement with prayers together on Mount Moriah. Solomon conscripted 30,000 foreign labourers to help Hiram. He also mustered 120,000 slaves to quarry and move the stone. This forced labour was under the overall direction of Adoniram, who was assisted by 3,300 supervisors. Only 550 Israelites were engaged on the project. They held positions of management and control of whom Adoniram was one. Whilst he may have been a stone mason by trade, he was first and foremost King Solomon's slave master. About 30 years later, and after Solomon had died, Adoniram was stoned to death for unrecorded reasons.
Was "the Word" really lost?
This is our most critical proof it wasn't, the "word" or secret could not have been lost because Hiram Abiff had been murdered. How could it be lost if 4 other Masters knew it as stated above?
Actually this is a metaphore for something else that is lost. If you've been paying attention, you know what is was.
According to the degree work, Solomon then appoints five superintendants to oversee and continue the work on the temple. They were Adoniram, ( Master ) Joabert, ( S. Warden ) Stolkin, ( J. Warden ) Selec ( Master of Ceremonies ) and Gareb ( Captain of the Guard ). The name Hiram Abif appears for the first time in this present day form in Anderson’s Constitutions of 1723. Anderson introduces a new story in the legend by saying that King Solomon was Grand Master of the Lodge at Jerusalem.
We found evidence that this story was changed from the origional version that used Noah and his three sons as the ones ' looking for the secret'.
The legend of Hiram which has become in Masonry one of the most impressive ritualistic dramas of all time. Historically-minded Brethren continue to wonder from whence it came and whose imagination and gifts of language transmitted it into the matchless drama which furnishes the core of "the sublime degree of Master Mason."
Certainly, the tragedy of Hiram is not to be found in the Bible. If only one Hiram is referred to in the Old Testament, the story of his assassination is not corroborated in either I Kings or 11 Chronicles; for there we read as follows: "So Hiram finished all the work he did for King Solomon on the House of the Lord."
No mention of Hiram is to be found in any of the Old Charges and Gothic Constitutions, or in any of the remnants of old ritualistic practices to be found in the records of operative lodges which date from 100 years or more before the founding of the first Grand Lodge, which marks the beginning of the era of modern Speculative Freemasonry in 1717.
We recently found this on Paul Bessel's web site. The file
is in pdf format and is worth reading. One paragraph reads;
In 1726, according to the Graham manuscript, the craft was still using the legend of Noah and his three sons. According to Coil and I will use his writing, since he has translated the manuscript into modern words: “We have it by tradition and still some reference to scripture that Shem, Ham and Japeth went to their father Noah’s grave to try to find something about him to lead them to the veritable secret which this famous preacher had, for all things needful for the new world were in the Ark with Noah.
Now these 3 men had agreed that, if they did not find the very thing itself - that the first thing they did find was to be to them as a secret thing not doubting but did most firmly believe that God was able and would cause what they did find to prove as veritable to them as if they had received the secret at first from God himself. So they came to the grave finding nothing but the dead body almost consumed. Taking a grip at a finger, it came away; so from Joint to Joint; so to the wrist; so to the elbow; so they reared up the dead body and supported it; setting foot to foot, knee to knee, breast to breast, cheek to cheek and hand to back, and cried out: ‘Help, 0, father,’ as if they had said; ‘0, Father of Heaven, help us now for our earthly father cannot.”’ So they laid down the dead body again and not knowing what to do, one, said: ‘Here is yet marrow in the bone:’ and the second said: But a dry bone,’ and the third said; ‘It stinketh.’ So they agreed to give it a name as is known to Freemasonry to this day.”
The legend of Hiram Abiff is intended to teach fortitude, integrity, faith and fidelity. It is not intended to teach resurrection, no matter how many Masonic students and officers state that that is his purpose. The falsity of the resurrection teaching is obvious within the legend. You don’t resurrect someone and then turn around and bury him again.
What we have in the Hiramic legend is an example of the Masonic life and how that life should be lived extensively illustrated. We also have enough leeway so that a man can make his own interpretation of what the Hiramic legend should mean to him. We will never know when the Harimic legend was invented. We will never know what meaning those who adopted the legend to craft Masonry meant to give it. We can only surmise that the Hiramic legend, like the legends which we find in most cultures, is intended to symbolize the actions of the perfect man. Regardless of what meaning we give to our legend, we can plainly state that the legend, like all of Freemasonry, is intended to give us a chart to follow to a more perfect and a more spiritual life. The rest of this is on The Legend of Hiram in PDF format.As the Degree work goes;
Solomon was a 'foreignor' so why would the King of Tyre want a rival King to know what he knew? The second reason might be that the King of Tyre and Hiram were from the 'lost tribe of Benjamin', which decended from Aaron. This tribe had Levite priests and was considered the head tribe of Israel.
But there is an underlying reason Solomon wanted Hiram of Tyre's help. According to the book, The Book of Hiram, by Christoper Knight and Robert Lomas...Solomon wanted to be a King of Jerusalem. Just like the Egyptian Kings, but there was a secret ritual that had to be said and Solomon had to marry the Venus goddess. The Phoenicians had such a ritual and King Hiram of Trye was a king for this reason. They supported open temple prostiution. The women had to submit to strangers once a year. The Goddess of the Phoenicians was Astere or also known as Baalat, wife of Baal, a pagan Canaanite goddess. The bible specifically states that Solomon was worshiping 'other gods' but it was Astere he worshiped and did so until the day he died. This is why in the end they said Solomon 'turned to other gods'. Further research indicated that the bronze pomegranates were sexual symbols. Solomon had 400 wives and 300 concubines.
From the Nag Hammidi Library: "Solomon was a laughingstock,
since he thought that he was Christ, having become vain
through the Hebdomad, as if he had become stronger than
I and my brothers. But we are innocent with respect to him.
I have not sinned."
This is from the The Second Treatise of the Great Seth (Seth is Christ)
Is it possible that Solomon was worshiping the wrong god? Because of the information found in the Book, The Book of Hiram,and the Nag Hammidi texts, we think he did. The Hebdomad is the False God or the 'prime parent', Yaldabaoth, who we explain on God's Wife.
Hiram of Tyre, the principal architect and engineer, was of
mixed race. "He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali,
and his father was a man of Tyre." He was "skilled to work in
gold and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, and in timber,
in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, and in crimson; also to
grave any manner of graving, and to find out every device
which shall be put to him. Cunning, a man richly endowed
by Nature in wisdom and knowledge, he was preeminently fitted
for this almost supernatural task. With him were associated
the trained and "cunning" men of David, who had "trained
workmen in abundance, hewers and workers of stone and timber."
1 Kings 7: 13-14.
see History of Solomon's Temple
(Chronicles 3: 1-18)," "Here too, is Hiram Abi with stone and wood and purple and blue and crimson yarn and fine linen." The Bible says he made the pillars, overlaid objects with gold and he made a pair of sculptured cherubim also overlaid with gold." The bible describes in great detail the building of the temple, and great celebrations when it is completed, but no where is there reference of the master builder being murdered or of the temple not being finished. However there is another man named Huram.
Documents in possession of the Grand Lodge of Edinburgh have revealed a different spelling for Hiram Abif, by identifying the original spelling as Huram Abhif, meaning Huram was possibly Solomon's father-in-law. 'One of the many.' The original Hebrew text reads ( 2 Chronicles 4:16 ) Shelomoh lammelech Abhif Churan ghafah which is 'did Huram his father make to King Solomon'. But Hurum's father is the subject of the sentence..so this is the younger Hiram or the Abi we see elsewhere in texts.
When the structure was nearing completion,
Solomon invited a skilled foundryman
from Tyre to embellish the Temple with gold, silver and
bronze metal-work. Although he was called Hiram, ostensibly of
the tribe of Naphtali, Freemasons have, over the last three
centuries, come to know him as Hiram Abif. However, nowhere in
the Old Testament does that name appear in this form. The
origin of 'Abif' itself is unknown and about which there is
still much speculation. A widely accepted view is that 'Hiram
Abif' could be a translating corruption of the Hebrew 'Huram abi'
, namely 'the son of Huram'. At all events, he was never an
architect, nor was he ever involved in the actual construction
of the Temple, as has been commonly believed. (explaination below)
On the other hand, the genius that he displayed in the scale and
beauty of his craftsmanship, earned him a special relationship
more info on the temple .. Solomon's Temple Secrets
The secret lesson - The Sexual reference to man's ability to
pro-create."Jachin and Boaz represent two giant plants or tree
whose top is a lotus flower and stem or trunk are that of a palm
tree. Solomon created a hybrid plant, essentially. These plants,
like other things in the Temple are multi-symbolic, representing
more than one thing at the same time... more info on the pillers -
Jachin and Boaz
This is from our friend Fire Plug's pages.
Geometrical Layouts of the Ancient world.....An example of this (288) relates to The Great Pyramid, Menkaure Pyramid, Stonehenge's Aubrey Circle and astronomical codes encrypted into the Bible in Num. Chpt. 7. Code encryption appears to have been the true preoccupation of many biblical writers. The degree angle spread between the two edges of these very prominent, large wrap around corner moldings was obviously intended to convey 6.48-degrees, using the center post as the fulcrum. The 6.48 code is of extreme importance within an ancient mathematical progression, which relates to the duration of the Precession of the Equinoxes…6.48, 12.96 (½ the precessional cycle was 12960-years), 19.44, 25.92 (Precession was calibrated to endure for 25920-years). And we also see the signs of the Zodiac which, refer to the ancient religions of the Zodak priests. The origins of the zodiac lie in Sumer in Mesopotamia .
Another important number associated with this progression
includes 51.84 (angle of the Great Pyramid's sides &
1/500th of the duration of Precession in years). It is
important to note that the 6.48-degree increment features
strongly at the huge Octagon earthworks geometric complex
at Newark Ohio and features within the chosen design angles
of 8 embankments. One of the embankments resides on an
azimuth angle of 64.8-degrees...see
Weights, Measures and MEASUREMENTS. and The Cross house - Ancient Temple
And there our exact knowledge of Hiram ends. History knows nothing of him. The volume of the Sacred Law is silent as to his fate. Brother Robert Freke Gould, founding on the eleventh verse of the fourth chapter of the Second Book of the Chronicles , says he "was certainly alive at the completion of the Temple."
If this is described as a transformation then perhaps the entire story is a re-creation of the death of Seqenenre Tao II. The similitary of both men knowing all the 'secrets' is all the story needed to endure. If you recall, the use of the term "Master Craftsman" was used in Egypt as well as the word 'mason'.
More on Hiram Abiff..Hiram from Phoenix Masonry
More history by Old Epsomian Lodge No. 3561
click History/King Solomon's Temple
More on Hiram - the Biblical Account some say is missingThere are two accounts given in the Bible of the construction of the Temple, one in the Book of Kings and the other in the Book of Chronicles, and apparently the two coincide, but only apparently so. In the Book of Chronicles the story is that Solomon, when he decided to build the Temple, went to Hiram, King of Tyre, for men and materials with which to construct the Temple. The reason why he sent to Hiram, King of Tyre, was because that was the headquarters of a band of working masons, known in those days as the Dionysian Artificers, a body of masons, entirely similar to the body of masons which built those cathedrals in Europe two thousand years later.
Two Biblical writers, the Author of Kings, and Jeremiah (I Kings, vii, 15, Jer. lii, 21), affirm that their height was 18 cubits, while a third, the Author of Chronicles (II Chron. Iii, 15), gives the height as 35 cubits. The first height evidently refers to the shafts of the Pillars alone, and the latter to the shafts together with the higher and lower capitals, and bases, and the ten steps each half a cubit high, making 35 cubits as already stated.
These Pillars, which were formerly entirely of brass, were the chief external artistic glory of King Solomon's Temple. The artist who designed them was the eminent artificer, Hiram Abiff. Hiram, having been by training a Phoenician, determined to make the most of his opportunity for elaboration and followed the custom of his country as before every Phoenician temple stood two columns, generally monoliths. They were constructed and erected after the tragic death of Huram Abiff, by his son, Hiram the Second, "the Widow's son" (I Kings vii, 4). this account from... KING SOLOMON'S TEMPLE by Alex. T. Brand, M.D., V.D.
The walls of the Temple were constructed in an unusual manner. First were laid three courses of dressed stone, followed by one layer of interlocking cedar beams or ties, then another three courses of dressed stone, followed by another layer of timber, and so on. It has been suggested that the reason for this was to make the structure better able to withstand the occasional earth tremors in that region.
Interconnecting annexes, established upon three floors, abutted three sides of the Temple. There were approximately 30 such rooms, each with one or more slitted windows to enable use by archers if defence was needed. None of these rooms had any access to the Temple itself: their entry was gained via doors and stairs let into each side of the porchway. The Temple itself had its own single entrance via the vestibule. There were never three entrances to the Temple itself, although there may well have been such entrances to the Temple precinct.
There is no known record of the vast quantities of gold, silver, bronze and precious stones that were used , although rough calculations have suggested that about 20 tons of gold alone were utilised. At all events, it must have presented a stunning spectacle that would have been visible for miles around. We now know however that the brilliant metal they used was copper. In it's highly polished state, it would have glistened like gold.
The Jews were not builders, and so they went to the headquarters of the building fraternity for men and materials. Then, Hiram, King of Tyre. wrote (II Chronicles 2:13): "And now I have sent a cunning man endued with understanding, of Huram my father's, the son of a woman of the daughters of Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre, skillful to work in gold and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, and in timber, in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, and in crimson; also to grave any manner of graving, and to find out every device which shall be put to him, with thy cunning men; and with the cunning men of my lord David, thy father." The master architect! The man who was master of all the building trades and crafts, and who was fitted to supervise every department of the work! Note that it says that he was a son of woman of the daughters of Dan.
Now, refer to the first Book of Kings, and the account
reads thus: "And King
Solomon sent and fetched Hiram of Tyre. He was the son of a
widow of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was
a man of Tyre, a worker in brass;
and he was filled with wisdom and understanding and skill
to work all works in brass, and he came
to King Solomon, and wrought all his work" (Kings I 7;13-14).
Was the father's name Huram?
"And King Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre." Notice the difference in the words. In the first instance, Hiram, King of Tyre, sent the man. In the second case King Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. "He was the son of a widow woman of the tribe of Naphtali," (not of the tribe of Dan.) Now you know how careful the Hebrews were in their genaeology. They would never make the mistake of recording at one time that a man belonged to the tribe of Dan and recording at another time that he belonged to the tribe of Naphtali.
The first man, the master architect, was sent at the beginning of the erection of the Temple. This man was a son of a woman of the daughters of Dan. The second man, a widow's son, was the son of a woman of the tribe of Naphtali, and near the completion of the Temple, was sent for in haste and fetched out of Tyre in order that he might be able to complete the work which had been left undone by the first man. This indicates that the First Huram was indeed killed or died. This then might explain how Hiram was sometimes referred to as 'the Master Architect'. This first Hiram would have indeed been in charge of writing the day's work orders on the 'Trestle Board' in the Temple.
This is a Hebrew account, so the Rabbi to whom
this was referred, who speaks with
the authority of a Hebrew scholar, goes further
and points out that the two names are different names
in Hebrew; that the name of the first
man is spelled and pronounced in Hebrew differently
to the name of the second.
reprinted from The Square, April 1924.
The masons ( builders and craftsmen ) had 'devine secrets' associated with earthly and devine sciences of architectonics. They used a secret language and had a system of marking the stones. They also used a secret means of recognition and enjoyed particular privileges and immunities. The richer of this fraternity was bound to provide for their poorer brethren and they were governed by a Master and Wardens. They became known as 'the Sons of Solomon' and traveled through out the known world.
After the completion of the 'Temple of Yehwah' there were great celebrations but nothing else on the fate or where-abouts of the Master Builder, Hiram Abiff. The Fifth Degree of the AASRF begins the requiem for Hiram, who is killed in the Temple, where blood is spilled and the Temple is defiled. The gest of the eight degree says,' King Solomon appoints five superintendents to oversee the continuation of the work'. The traitors are found to be hiding in a cave and upon seeing one of them, Solomon's favorite Master becomes outraged and stabs the man in the heart and severes his head. The other two assassins are found working in a quarry of Ben-Deker. The two men are brought back to Jerusalem , imprisoned in the tower of Achizar, and excuted the following morning.
The story could have been told this way, because they couldn't symbolically kill Solomon or the Kings and Hiram Abiff would have moved on to other building projects. This temple was then destroyed, so Who was actually killed and where it happened could have been changed because of Ezekiel's vision.
If Solomon and Hiram initiated the workers into the order, they could have used the original story and death of the ancient King to make the important point that the workers were not to tell anyone what they knew. The death of the ancient King was the ultimate sacrifice. This change in the story can be backed up by the words written by Thoth in the Emerald Tablets that say" " Guard ye the secrets I have hidden amoung ye. Let not the wisdom be cast to barbarians. Secret shall thou keep it for those who seek light". Thoth also says, "those who know do not speek of it". Although this may have applied to spiritual secret knowledge, it was applied to all knowledge. In this way they were made to feel 'special' and united in a combined effort to build the House Of God. What they taught was the ancient code, the code of Seqenenre, because in the 21st degree of the AASRF, the words refer to Isis and Ceres and meeting on the night of the full moon.
It is mentioned in the 22nd degree the reason that Hiram of Tyre and Hiram Abiff were tied to the Israelites was by the fact that they shared the mysteries that were began with the Hyksos and passed thru the Roman Colleges of Artificers. This refered to the skill to work copper, iron and bronze; and the seven secret sciences.
Hiram Abiff was only one of the 'Grand Master's', so having him being the one who was murdered was better than using the rememberance of an Egyptian King, who Ezekiel had 'Ordered to be Removed'. Hiram, King of Tyre and Solomon, it is said, were also Grand Masters and Adoniram is a Grand Warden. Then there was Joabert and Stolkin and the King of Persia. All 6 of these men had 'the word'. King Seqenenre's name was removed permanately by Ezekiels' command after Solomon was dead and the New Temple ( Harod's ) was being built.
In the 22nd and the 23rd degree of the AASRF ceremony, The
events are as follows; The Lodge is styled in a court,
( 22nd )"Battery: The apron is white, bordered in purple, and contains
a three headed serpent
( the three murders ) and a table with instruments and plans."
"The Jewel is an Axe".( the Axe that killed the King )
These are the plans of Levi, Simeon and the priest, the murders.
( 23rd )
and there are three skulls and a skeleton.
There is an encampment of the twelve tribes of Israel near Sinai which
might as well be Egypt. The tribe of Levi
is not present, and
has been replaced by the tribe of Naphtali
and the Center of the Court is a representation of the
Tabernacle of Moses. Those present
are, Eleazar, Aaron and Ithamar.
This did not happen in Israel. This IS the recall of the Murder of Seqenenre Tao II, because Moses and Aaron were alive and present at the trial of the murderers and the funeral of Tao. Moses wore the Princely lock of hair of a future King Of Egypt. There is reference to Unholy sacrilege and interference with sacred ceremonies. Seqenenre is killed in the Holi Temple at Thebes, interrupting his prayers. Moses most likely would have officiated at the funeral under the direction of Kamose, because the two senior priests were also killed.
The degree ( 23rd ) is focused on the " victory
over rage and anger". see Genesis 49:6 - Joseph's brothers
are cursed by Jacob for their cruelty and and the fact that they killed
a man. We recall the rage and anger
of Levi and Simeon and Eblaen ( the three skulls ) and the
Dead King Seqenenre ( the skeleton ).
This indicates the change in the actual events because the 'rage and anger is the focus', of the degree. The change is who is caught and killed, where and how. The degree says The Tribes are clearly in Egypt, as they would have been when Seqenenre was killed. In the present Drama of Hiram , they use a story of a Master taking the head of a suspect in anger.
The sequence of the focus, where they were, the jewel,
and the Fact that Moses, Aaron and the rest are in attendence
doesn't fit together at all with the murder of Hiram in Jerusalem.
What does fit, is the Axe, the three murderers,
the plans, and fact that the 'secret' and the King is 'lost' in
Egypt and Moses and Aaron are both actually present.
The book, Hiram's Key did not cover these facts.
Take note also that the 24th Degree refers to the four powers of the Great Sphinx and "The 'inner' ( solar ) mysteries of Osiri are then rehearsed"...and " making the holy number nine -- the number Hermes allotted to initiation". They then move on to the death of Aaron in the 25th degree. We still see reference to Isis, Astarte ( who Solomon worshiped ) and Osiris in the degree.
The 25th degree also has 'Passover' desiginated at the Spring
Equinox, which Jesus makes reference to the
Jerusalem Church celebrating as a pagan holiday by calling it Easter ..at..
The Lies of Paul
..But his ministry was not what it seemed. The Jews hated the Romans
and the Christ of the NT displayed a hatred against the Sadducean Jews most solemn
day, which was what they called Easter. . Indeed, the King James Version
at Acts 12:4 has been deliberately misstranslated
to read Easter instead of Passover. To suggest that Christ would
permit the Church to replace the feasts of the plan of salvation
with pagan festivals when the feasts were instituted by him under instruction from God
appears extraordinary and unsound. He was only professedly following the Creator, as being His
Christ [Messiah], in this very hatred of the Sabbath; for He exclaims by the mouth of Isaiah:
'Your new moons and your Sabbaths my soul hateth'.
(Bacchiocchi in From Sabbath To Sunday: A Historical Investigation into the Rise of Sunday Observance in Early Christianity, The Pontifical Gregorian University Press, Rome, 1977
The degrees of the AASRF A MANUAL FOR OFFICERS OF SUBORDINATE BODIES of the ANCIENT ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE OF FREEMASONRY by Supreme Council, 33'(Northern Masonic Jurisdiction USA, 1955).[ University of Delaware Library, HS 774 .A5 1955 ] and published Date: 11 Jul 1994 13:03:38 GMT Organization: Bartol Research InstituteLines: 615 Distribution: world. This is reproduced in it's entirety, unchanged.
25th degree... Take note of these words "....and also to perpentuate the great truths enveloped in the symbols and allegories of ancient mysteries." ..."gold stars on the white side ( Pleiades, Hyades, Orion, Capella ) and with silver stars on the black side ( Perseus, Scorpio, Bootees )...-- contrasting active/generative energy and passive/"capacity-to-produce "Energy".
It has been said that King Huram initiated
Solomon into the secret order. Why wouldn't
Solomon already belonged to it by way of his Father David ?
Then the degree says they initiated some of the workman to the level of Fellowcraft. Others were Apprentices. These men were selectively chosen and were to do an honest day's work for their wages and they collected their pay directly from Solomon. Because they were trusted and respected, they were allowed into the temple's Holy of Holies to collect their pay.
One worker was not treated differently than the other. Hence, the 'Brotherhood', which was carried on from generation to generation, father to son.
The tools they used were also special, quite remarkable and some were indeed secret. The words; cornerstone, foundation , upright , square, level , trowel and cement were used every day by the workers and the Master. Each tool was given a moral value. The Gavel was to shape their character, the plumb for rectitude of conduct, the square to square their actions with their fellowman, ect. Therefore the tools of the working Craftsman in Gods house were highly respected and honored, and given to them by the Ancients of Eden, then to Noah and his sons.
Building and 'craftsmanship' were only done by this
select group that Hiram belonged to so the story of these tools that built God's house could
have replaced what was actually used to kill the king.[ which are said to have been bronze weapons
of Hyksos origin, the Axe and the mace ] [ a recent study by an independent Austrian scholar
named Manfred Biertak, indicate the wounds on the mummy of Seqenenre were inflicted at an angle
that confirms, the King was on his knees. ]
Ahmose,"I had my upbringing in the town of el-Kab, my father being a soldier of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Seqenen-Re, the triumphant, his name being Bebe and the son of the woman Ro-Onet." The text goes on to describe Ah-mose's part in the campaigns against the Hyksos, and his awards for valour and the slaves that he captured.
Again, the twelves tribes represented are; Judah, Zebulon, Simeon, Reuben, Gad, Benjamin, Asher, and Issachar. Jacob had other sons, in Joseph and Levi who were NOT included in the twelve. They were REPLACED by Dan and Naphtali who were the sons of Reuben by Jacob's concubine. Ephraim and Manasseh are Joseph's sons, making twelve. Genesis 49:23 has Jacob speeking of Joseph being shot, persecuted and severely injured. Genesis 50:18 has two or more brothers, unnamed, saying to Joseph, " We are your slaves ". Simeon and Levi are forgotten after Exodus 1.
If indeed Hiram was murdered ( which one or If, is the question ) it is a remarkable coincidence, so it is reasonable to conclude that the old 'secret ritual of the living resurrection' from the ancients, the new covenant with God, ( as Ezekiel saw it )'the wisdom of the Master builder' and the 'Craftsman's Working Tools', became combined and honored in such a way as to form the New order of the 'brotherhood', thereafter ( and as far back as Egypt in the 2nd dynasty BC. ) called and still called 'Masons'. Whoever was killed strengthened the story and signifiance of sacrifice of one's self, endurning pain and overcoming all in death.
We also know from the Shepherd page, that in the story of the Shepherd kings, by Corinne Heline, they say, Seqenenre is ritually murdered. There is a reason for this, ( the reason for the 'Raising' ) that the Christian writer does not understand and then it is used again and attached to a man named Hiram Abi. As we read on the Widow's Son page, 'Hiram' means 'my Father, the Universal spirit', ect. The complete connection and reason for the re-write is clear.
Going back to the second dynasty too, can be disputed because the date of the building of the great Pyramid may preceed Khufu. If we use the dates which are thousands of years before Khufu, we have Enoch or Thoth, the writer of the 'secrets', Tubal Cain, Jubal, Jabal and Naamah, who began the 'crafts' again after the flood. Adam was not on earth in 5800BC or anywhere close to that... and we have proof that the flood happened in 7640BC, not to mention archeological records of other cultures that date back much farther.
The story of the Island of the Atlantis, produces proof there was an earlier culture
who had 'the wisdom' of God. This was a far advanced civilization.
Archeological evidence of this civilization is real not to
mention the writings of Plato, who described the culture in detail.
Atlantis, The Fallen angles, Plato and the end of the 3rd epoch.
The Meaning of Masonry, by Lynn Perkins, clarifies the
Therefore Masonry teaches that redemption and salvation are both the power and the responsibility of the individual Mason. Men like Hiram Abiff can and do show the way, but men must always follow and demonstrate, each for himself, his power to save himself, to build his own spiritual fabric in his own time and way. Every man in essence is his own savior and redeemer; for if he does not save himself, he will not be saved. The reader who succeeds in getting back to the real teachings of the masters, including Jesus of Nazareth, will find unanimity of thinking on this matter.
It was the single object of all the ancient rites and mysteries practiced in the very bosom of pagan darkness. . .to teach the immortality of the Soul. This is still the great design of the third degree of Masonry. This is the scope and aim of its ritual. The Master Mason represents man, when youth, manhood, old age, and life itself have passed away as fleeting shadows, yet raised from the grave of iniquity, and quickened into another and better existence. By its legend and all its ritual, it is implied that we have been redeemed from the death of sin and the sepulchre of pollution. . . .and the conclusion we arrive at is, that youth, properly directed, leads us to honorable and virtuous maturity, and that the life of man, regulated by morality, faith, and justice, will be rewarded at its closing hour by the prospect of eternal bliss. . . The important design of the degree is to symbolize the great doctrines of the resurrection of the body and the immortality of the soul; and hence it has been remarked by a learned writer of our Order, that the Master Mason represents a man saved from the grave of iniquity, and raised to the faith of salvation.
''And as it was in the days of Noe ( Noah ), so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man." Luke 17:26.
The daily life of a priest or priestess depended on their sex and also their hierarchical standing within the priesthood. Priests were often rotated from position to position within the priestly hierarchy and were integrated in and out of mundane society. This rotation system generally went, that a priest would enter into temple life one month, at three times a year. This rotation system had a direct connection to the often stringent purity rites of the priests. Regardless of what status the priest was, there were numerous taboos and tradition's a priest had to or could not partake of. Of these taboos and traditions, a priest or priestess could not eat fish (a food thought to be ascribed to peasant life), could not wear wool (as nearly all animal products were unclean), were generally circumcised (only common among the male priests), and it was not uncommon for priests to bathe three or four times a day in "sacred" purificatory pools. This tradition was carried into Isreal by the Hebrews.The hierarchy of priests consisted of a milieu of offices and duties. At the top of the hierarchy of priests was the high-priest, also known as the sem-priest, and as "the First Prophet of the God". The high-priest was often very wise in years, and old. Not only did he serve as political advisor to the pharaoh, but he was also a political leader for the temples he belonged to as well. The high-priest was in charge of over-seeing magical rites and ceremonies as well as advising the pharaoh. Maintaining a fairly ceremonial position, the high-priest was often times chosen by the pharaoh as an advisor, however, it was not uncommon for a high-priest to have climbed through the ranks to his official status, as did Moses.
In addition to the political administration, the priests and priestesses took on both magical and economic functions. Through the use of magic and their connection to the gods, lay magicians provided a service to their community, usually consisting of counseling, magical arts, healing, and ceremony. Lay magicians who served within this last and final caste of the Egyptian priesthood belonged to a large temple known simply as "The House of Life".
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