by William R. Fischer



Alexander I succeed Paul I as Emperor of Russia in 1801. He then renewed the prohibitions against all secret societies, especially free Masons. Two years later Boeber, counselor of state and director of the military school at St. Petersburg, had an audience with the emperor. Boeber described the object of the institution and doctrine of its mysteries in such a way that the emperor rescinded the decrees.

The emperor gave the institution protection and asked to be initiated into the Order, which was done. The Grand Lodge Astrea of Russia was established and Boeber was elected Grand Master.



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