Text Box: Gems of Purpose
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About Phi Kappa Sigma (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pks.org/about.shtml.
Acacia Fraternity (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.acacia.org
Allyn, A. (1831). A Ritual of Freemasonry, Illustrated by Numerous Engravings; with Notes and 
Remarks, to which is added a Key to the Phi Beta Kappa. New York, L. Fitzgerald. 
Alpha Chapter History (n.d.). Retrieved from www.sigmamusigma.com/index.
Ellenberger, W. J. (1998). The Acacia Fraternity, The Scottish Rite Journal. 
Fairfield, A. (1965, Nov.). Collegiate Freemasons, The New Age Magazine.  33(11).
Foss, C. A. (1925).  American college fraternities, The Builder Magazine. 11(4).
The history behind Delta Tau Delta (n.d.). Retrieved from 
Katsaunis, J. N. (2004, Sep.). Celebrating 100 years of Acacia Fraternity:  A century of 
Brotherhood, The Pennsylvania Freemason.
Mackey, A. G. (1927). Encyclopedia of Freemasonry and its Kindred Sciences. Philadelphia, 
            PA:  McClures Publishing Company.
Robbins, A. (2002). Secrets of the Tomb:  Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths 
of Power. USA, Little, Brown, and Company.
Sink, C. (n.d.). The Inception of Acacia, A document obtained from the Acacia Fraternity.
Stafford, D. E. (2006). The Esoteric Geometry of the Triangle, The Philalethes, 
59(4), 77, 94-95.
Stevens, A. (1899). The Cyclopedia of Fraternities. Hamilton, New York.
Torbenson, C. L. (1992). College fraternities and sororities:  A historical geography. 1776-1989 
(Doctoral dissertation, The University of Oklahoma, 1992). UMI no. 9217969.
Voorhees, O. M. (1945). The History of Phi Beta Kappa. New York, Crown Publishers. 
1According to a communication with the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, Brother Mitchell was admitted as a Master Mason into Franklin Lodge No. 134 on March 30, 1872 at the age of 43.  There is no record as to where he was a member before affiliating with this lodge.  Brother Mitchell died August 16, 1879.
2According to David Sobel, “the coat-of-arms of the Sigma Mu Sigma is azure, charged with the Hands of Sincerity, the Book of Morality, and the Lamp of Knowledge, all of or.  The crest is the All-seeing Eye of God; the supporters, springs of acacia.  It is underscored by the motto ‘Sincerity Life’s Guide’ translated in Greek.”  David Sobel is associated with headquarters of Sigma Mu Sigma.
David E. Stafford 32° is a Past Master and current Secretary of Bethpage Lodge #521, Bethpage, Tennessee and Sumner County Chairman for the Grand Lodge of Tennessee.  He is a member of the Scottish Rite Valley of Nashville, all three York Rite Bodies, and the Tennessee Lodge of Research.  He has a B.S. in Interdisciplinary Studies from Middle Tennessee State University, an M.Ed. and Ed.S. in Administration from Tennessee State University.  Dr. Stafford has an earned doctorate in Education from Tennessee State University.  He was a recipient of a 2005 Supreme Council’s Public School Administration Scholarship.  He is a school administrator for the Sumner County Board of Education.  Contacts:  550 E. Bledsoe Street, Apt. 23B, Gallatin, TN  37066; david.stafford@sumnerschools.org.