Myth assures man that what he is about to do
already been done,
words it helps him to overcome doubts as to the
result of his undertaking.
There is no reason to hesitate before setting
out on a sea voyage, because the
mythical hero has already made it. All that is
needed is to follow his example.
Living in a society in which myth is a living
thing means living in a world, the
though in "cipher" and mysterious is also open.
The World "speaks" to man and to understand it's
language man needs only to know the myths and
decipher the symbols.
Several brief quotes from Alvin KUHN underlines
"What was known of old is that myth as employed
by ancient writers in Biblical scripture is not
fiction, but the truest of all history.
The myth is the only true narrative of the
reality of human experience-it is
the actual experience of life in it's evolution.
"Real as history is, finally less true than the
myth. The myth is always and
forever true; actual history is never more than
an approximation of the truth
Myth was the favourite and universal method of
teaching in archaic times"
n the ancient world the `gods' were rarely
regarded as supernatural beings.
Structure and function of myths
In general it can be said that myth, as
experienced by archaic societies
constitutes the History of the acts of the
(2) that this History is considered to be
absolutely true (because it is
concerned with realities) and