History Of Freemasonry In Ohio
From 1791 to 1912
by W. M. Cunningham and John G. Reeves
THE HISTORY OF THE MOST WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE
By W. M. CUNNINGHAM, M. A.,
Copyright, 1914 By J. H. Bromwell Grand Secretary Cincinnati, Ohio
M.·. W.·. ALEXANDER NEWCOMB, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at Smith's Opera Hall,
Mansfield, Tuesday, October .17, A. D. 1871, M.·. W.·.
Grand Master Alexander H. Newcomb is the Chair, and all the other Grand
Officers present, except the S. G. D. The following Past Grand Officers
were present: Past Grand Masters, L. V. Bierce and George Rex; Past
Deputy Grand Master, M. D. Brock, and 415 Lodges represented.
The Grand Master presented his address and reports.
At the close of last session he issued proxies to competent Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at the last communication, Nos.437 to 451 inclusive, and received reports that all had performed the duties assigned to them.
That he had issued special proxies to the
following Brothers to dedicate new Halls, and lay corner stones:
On November 17, 1870, the Grand Master dedicated the new Masonic Hall at Akron, and on July 4, 1871, laid the corner stone of Buchtel College at Akron.
Dispensations for three new Lodges were
issued, as follows:
Received petitions for two new Lodges recently, which are referred to the Grand Lodge for action. Refused a number of petitions for the reason that the localities would not warrant dividing up territory occupied by small Lodges, most of them drawing more from the Grand Lodge each year than they pay into its treasury.
That in obedience to the orders of the Grand Lodge at its last session, he sent a circular to the Subordinate Lodges in this state on the evils of intemperance and profanity, which was well received and welcomed by all good Masons, not only in this but in several other jurisdictions, and has been the means already of much good in our Lodges; and calls on the Officers and members of the Grand Lodge to strictly live up to the very letter of the law they unanimously passed, thereby showing the Brethren that the law was enacted not only for them, but also for the lawmakers, and no one, from the Grand Master to the youngest entered apprentice, will be allowed to violate it.
Announced the death of Past Grand Master Thomas Sparrow, at Columbus, on August 8, 1871, and his burial on the 10th. A special communication and his burial on the 10th. A special communication of the Grand Lodge was convened at Columbus that day, and his funeral, largely attended but the citizens of Columbus and the Fraternity from al parts of the state, was conducted with Masonic ceremonies in compliance with his request.
Receiving notice that Ely Lodge and Richland Lodge had lost their charters and effects by fire, dispensations were issued authorizing them to continue work as, soon as they could secure suitable rooms, until this session, and recommended new charters be issued to them. Calls attention to the many losses by fire, and recommends the Lodges be required to protect themselves from such losses by proper insurance.
Calls attention to Rule 8, and requests the Grand Lodge to decide as to its application to a case of the illegal sale of liquor.
Granted permission to serval Lodges to turn not as Lodges on May 30, and assist in the ceremony of decorating the graves of our fallen heroes.
Received a number of applications to confer the degrees in less than the prescribed time, all of which were refused.
On April 10, 1871, on invitation of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, the Grand Master attended a banquet given by that body to the Right Honorable the Earl DeGrey and Ripon, the M.·. W.·. Grand Master of England, at the Masonic Temple in Washington, D. C., and was cordially received and welcomed by that body as the representative of the Grand Lodge of Ohio.
Grand Masters and representatives from many of the states of our Union, and Brethren from Canada were present, it being the first time in the history of Masonry that the representatives of our fraternity have met together under so favorable auspices.
The Grand Master presented a written invitation from Mr. and Mrs. John Sherman, to a reception at their residence Wednesday evening, 5 to 8 P. M., which was accepted with thanks.
The Grand Treasurer presented his report showing a balance on hand October 17, 1871, $11,262.11.
Brother E. T. Carson called attention to Masonic sufferers by the devastating fire at Chicago, and moved the appointment of a committee to report on the subject; Bro. Caldwell also called attention to the sufferers in Michigan and Wisconsin, and they were included and the committee appointed.
Deputy Grand Master P. M. Wagenhals, President of the Board of Trustees of the Masonic Widows' and Orphans' Home, made a report covering 13 pages, showing the pledge of cash donations of about $10,000.00 unconditional, a cash donation of, conditioned on its location at Mechanicsburg, and land donations $24,000, and cash $1,500.00, if located at Worthington.
The Grand Treasurer's report cash received and on hand, including interest, $3,523.03.
The Grand Lodge donated the sum of $2,000.00 to the sufferers by fire in Chicago, Michigan and Wisconsin, to be divided among them in such proportions as the Grand Master on full investigation may deem proper, and the Subordinate Lodges are requested to make such donations as their finances may allow.
A telegraph message of greeting was sent to the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, now in session at Louisville in that state.
A message of sympathy and brotherly regard was sent to Past Grand Master Wm. Fielding, and the hope that he will speedily recover from his present illness.
A vote of thanks was tendered Hon. John Sherman and wife for their generous hospitality to the members of the Grand Lodge at their residence Wednesday evening.
The Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence submitted the following resolution which was adopted:
Resolved, That a Brother who is engaged in any business or occupation which is forbidden, and against the exercise of which penalties are denounced by any law of the state of Ohio, or of the United States, is for such act properly subject to Masonic discipline.
Resolution that the term "Masonic Clothing" as used in resolution adopted in 1847 for the government of the members of this Grand Lodge while in session, be held to include, in addition to citizen's clothing, only "white aprons," was adopted.
Resolution, That any subordinate Lodge in this state may amend its By-Laws so as; to receive not less than $15.00 in lieu of annual dues, the same to be invested, and any Lodge adopting such amendment shall notify the Grand Master and Grand Secretary by mail, and thereafter such amendment shall be in force in said Lodge; adopted.
The Grand Secretary was authorized to have an adequate number of the proceedings of this Grand communication printed, and distributed.
The Committee on Obituary of Past Grand Master Thomas Sparrow, reported an appropriate testimonial on his public, private and Masonic life, and expressive of the deep loss sustained by the Grand Lodge in his death, which was adopted, ordered printed in the proceedings, and a memorial page set aside in the records to his memory.
On the memorial page of our departed Brothers is inscribed the names of the following distinguished Masons who died within the past year:
Clement Laird Vallandigham, June 17, 1871; Thomas Sparrow, Past Grand Master, August 7; Dr. Leonard A. Hendricks, a zealous and active Mason more than fifty years ago, at Milford, Clermout County; Gottlieb Steinman, Lancaster, June 25, Grand Sword Bearer, also Grand Tyler of the Grand Lodge a quarter of a century ago; General George Sanderson, at Lancaster, Grand Marshal of the Grand Lodge in 1826; Rial McArthur, August 25, a member of the Grand Lodge in 1812, Senior Grand Deacon in 1813.
Section XV, of the By-Laws of the Grand Lodge was amended so as to make the salary of the Grand Secretary, $1,000.00.
The Grand Lodge approved the action of the Grand Master in attending the reception and banquet given by the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia to the Grand Master of England, and appropriated $50.00 for his expense on that occasion.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted its report covering 74 pages with an addendum of a compilation of "Summary of Masonic Law," prepared by Bro. U. D. Taylor of Iowa, covering 18 pages and containing a careful compilation and digest of the decisions of the several Grand Masters, and Grand Lodges in the United States on various Masonic subjects, during the past year, and containing a fund of valuable information, to which is added a large statistical table of each Grand Lodge in the United States, giving dates of their organization, statistics as to membership, names and addresses of Grand Masters, Grand Secretaries, and F. C. Committees, Chairmen, etc. The summary shows 42 Grand Lodges, 7,660 Subordinates, initiated during the year 41,399, passed (reported) 20,118, raised 22,700. Total number of Masons in the United States, 498,655.
The Grand Secretary also presents a detailed report of the membership in Ohio by counties, showing 403 working Lodges, with a total membership of 27,392, and 2,254 receiving the M. M. degree during the past year.
A copy of the circular issued by the Grand Master and sent to all the Lodges on the subject of the evils of intemperance and profanity, is also printed in the proceedings, pages 129 to 132.
The Grand Lodge of Kentucky responded to the greeting of Ohio, as follows:
"The M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of Kentucky hails your greeting with 'God bless the M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of Ohio.'
Charles Eginton, G. M."
The committee on arrangements for hall, hotels, etc., for next session of Grand Lodge reported the propositions of several places, and the Grand Lodge voted to hold the next annual communication at Columbus, Tuesday, October 15, A. D. 1872.
Charters were granted to the following
Brother Alexander H. Newcomb, was re-elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and Bro. Asa H. Battin, elected Deputy Grand Master, and they and the balance of the Grand Officers were duly installed.
M.·. W.·. ALEXANDER H. NEWCOMB, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at the City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 15, A. D. 1872, with Grand Master A. H. Newcomb in the Chair, all the other Grand Officers except the J. G. D., and the following Past Grand Officers, Wm. B. Thrall, P. G. M., L. V. Bierce, P. G. M., M.D. Brock, P. D. G. M., and P. M. Wagenhals, P. D. G. M., present, and more than a constitutional number of Subordinate Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his annual address, reporting as follows:
He constituted Collingwood Lodge; No.457, and issued special proxies to competent Brothers to constitute the balance of the Lodges chartered at last session, who reported the performance of the duties assigned to them.
The Grand Master in January dedicated the new Hall of Rockton Lodge, at Kent; on January 25, dedicated the new Hall of Mt. Zion Lodge, at Mt. Vernon, and on August 15, laid the corner stone of a courthouse to be erected at Sandusky City.
Issued special proxes to the following Brothers to dedicate Halls:
Brother William Tripp, to dedicate new Hall for Caldwell Lodge; Bro. A. K. Dunn, to dedicate new Hall at West Bedford; February 12, Bro. J. B. Williams, to dedicate new Hall for Stafford Lodge.
Dispensations were issued for the following
A number of petitions for dispensations for new Lodges were refused for same reasons as' given last year.
The Lodge room, charter and effects of Village Lodge were destroyed by fire and a special dispensation allowing them to continue work until this session was issued, and recommend a new charter be granted said Lodge; also Hope Lodge, at Delphos, which lost its charter, jewels and effects by fire May 5.
The Grand Master reported his action in disbursing the funds placed in his hands for the fire sufferers at last session, and the payment of the balance remaining in his hands to the Grand Treasurer.
The Grand Treasurer's report shows a balance on hand October 15, $8,240.24.
The Grand Master reported he had deposed the Worshipful Master of Rubicon Lodge, No.237, for disseminating the ritual contrary to the rules of the Grand Lodge adopted in 1865, and his action was approved by the Grand Lodge. The Grand Lodge expelled from its membership a representative for intoxication during the session of the Grand Lodge.
The Grand Treasurer was instructed to procure insurance on the jewels, clothing and property of the Grand Lodge, and Subordinate Lodges urged to procure sufficient insurance on their property, real and personal, to protect them from loss by fire.
Blanchard Lodge, No.403, at Findlay, Hancock County, having surrendered its charter and effects to the Grand Lodge, was stricken from the roll.
The sympathy of the Grand Lodge to Past Grand Master Wm. Fielding, on account of his continued ill health, was tendered by a rising vote.
The Trustees of the Widows' and Orphans' Home made their report, and after discussion of the present status of the project and its future prospects, the Grand Lodge voted that it does not now deem it advisable to take further action in the premises, and the original resolution was rescinded, the Trustees discharged from further consideration of, or action on the subject, and the money on hand ordered returned to the donors.
The Grand Secretary was instructed to have 3,000 copies of the proceedings of this Grand Lodge, to include the revised Code, printed and properly distibuted, and the Code will be found in the proceedings of 1872, a number of copies were printed last year separately and distributed.
The Hall of Cedar Lodge, No.430, was destroyed by fire, and the Lodge was authorized to meet at such place as the Grand Master should approve to transact ordinary business, but not to confer the degrees of Masonry until they procure a Hall of their own.
Charters were issued to the following Lodges:
The dispensation to Jenkins, at Hammondsville, Jefferson County, was continued.
The petitions for dispensations for Lodges at Genoa, Pickaway County, and Jeffersonville, Fayette County, not having the consent of adjoining Lodges were returned to the petitioners.
New charters were granted to Hope Lodge, No.214, at Delphos, and Village, No.274, at Burton, in lieu of the originals destroyed by fire.
An attempt was made to bring up the subject of "Colored Masons" again, but the subject was indefinitely postponed.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted its report covering 57 pages, reviewing the proceedings of 44 Grand Lodges. The Grand Master of New Jersey in his address gives an account of the invasion of its jurisdiction by the Grand Lodge of Hambnrgh, and also of its invasion of New York over twenty years ago, and appeals to all the Grand Lodges of the United States to stand by them in resenting this positive violation of Masonic law. The Grand Master of New York also raises his voice and pen m defense of New Jersey; and the Grand Orient of France comes in for its full share of criticism in the various reports for its invasion of Louisiana, and in upholding the spurious council in such invasion. Attention is also given to the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and the learned and eloquent address of Grand Master Sewell Gardner at the celebration of the feast of St. John, the Evangelist, December 27, 1871; on Henry Price, who he claims is the legitimate founder, under lawful authority, of Masonry in America, and submits forty-eight pages of copies of documents and letters to sustain his contention. The report of Michigan contains a report of the visit of M.·. W.·. Bro. A. H. Newcomb, Grand Master of Ohio, to its Grand Lodge, and the presentation of a contribution from his Grand Lodge of $800.00 to the sufferers by fire in that jurisdiction, and its acceptance and vote of thanks. A number of the Grand Lodges commend our Grand Lodge and Grand Master on the stand taken against the evils of intemperance and profanity, and have followed in our footsteps, in efforts to crush them out of the Order.
Our Grand Secretary appends to his report a statistical table showing in detail the work done by every Lodge in this jurisdiction together with a recapitulation showing the 423 working Lodges with a membership (Master Masons) 29,267; raised during the year, 1,888.
Brother Asa H. Battin, of Steubenville, was elected Grand Master, and Bro. Charles A. Woodward, of Cleveland, Deputy Grand Master, and they and the other Grand Officers were duly installed.
Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1873, the time for holding the next annual communication of the Grand Lodge.
M.·. W.·. ASA H. BATTIN, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1873, with Grand Master Asa H. Battin in the Chair, all the Grand Officers, and the following Past Grand Officers, L. V. Bierce, P.G. M., George Rex, P. G.M., A. H. Newcomb, P.G. M., M.D. Brock, P. D. G. M. and P. M. Wagenhals, P.D. G. M., present, and more than a constitutional number of Subordinate Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his annual address reporting:
All the Lodges receiving charters at the last communication were duly constituted by competent Brothers to whom special proxies were issued for that purpose.
An unusual number of special dispensations were issued to Lodges authorizing them to elect and install Officers.
Dispensations were issued to Olive Lodge, No.210, September 12, to lay the corner stone of a new school building in the Village of Caledonia; and to Harmony Lodge, No.8, October 9, to lay the corner stone of a new school building at Urbana.
Also proxies to Bro. J. Kelly O'Neal to dedicate the new Hall of Xenia Lodge, No.49, and to Bro. Allen T. Brinsmade, to dedicate the new Hall of Village Lodge, No.274, both of whom promptly performed the duties assigned to them.
The Halls, charters and effects of Centreville Lodge, No.371; Hanover Lodge, No.115; King Solomon Lodge, No.56; and New Birmingham Lodge, No.231, having been destroyed by fire, dispensations were issued empowering them to continue work as soon as proper Halls could be obtained, and new charters are recommended to be issued to them.
On September 26, the Grand Master by special invitation visited the city of Philadelphia, Pa., and with our R.·. W.·. Senior Grand Warden, and R.·. W.·. Grand Secretary, was present at the ceremonies of the dedication of the magnificent new Masonic Temple erected by the M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, in that city; and we were fraternally received by the Officers of the Grand Lodge, and treated with the utmost courtesy.
Dispensations were issued for new Lodges
at the following places:
Calls attention to Sections 34 and 35 of the Code and the question whether in cities Lodges have concurrent jurisdiction over the entire city, or as other Lodges, and asks the Grand Lodge to settle this question.
Announces the deaths of Past Grand Masters William Fielding and William B. Thrall, both of whom were buried with Masonic Honors.
The Deputy Grand Master reported that on January 15 last, he dedicated the new Hall of Garrettsville Lodge, No.246; and on January 13 installed the Officers of Iris Lodge, No.229.
The report of the Grand Treasurer shows a balance on hand October 21, 1873, $8,601.50.
The Committee on Obituaries of Past Grand Masters William Fielding and William B. Thrall, reported testimonials of their public, private and Masonic lives and character, which are printed in the proceedings, and a page of the records set aside to each.
The sum of $500.00 was appropriated by the Grand Lodge for the relief of the Memphis sufferers.
The Grand Secretary was authorized to have 2,000 copies of the proceedings of this session printed, at least 500 on Superior paper, and distribute the same.
Section 79 of the Code was amended by adding "except by special permission of the Grand Lodge or Grand Master which allows the Grand Lodge or Grand Master to consent to a Lodge occupying a Hall in connection with another society.
The Code is republished in the proceedings
of this year, pages 111 to 122.
New charters were granted the following Lodges in lieu of the originals destroyed by fire: King Solomon Lodge, No.56; Hanover Lodge, No.115; New Birmingham Lodge, No.231; and Centreville Lodge, No.371; also a new charter to be issued to Mad River Lodge, No.161, whose charter has been mutilated by accident, on said Lodge paying the fees and expenses for the same.
The matter of the rectification of the charter of Hamer Lodge, No.167, was referred to the Grand Master.
The Committee on Grievance reported that while this Grand Lodge has no jurisdiction to compel a Subordinate Lodge to refund to a Foreign Lodge money voluntarily expended for relief or burial of a member of such Lodge, yet it is the duty of the Lodge so far as they are able to reimburse said Foreign Lodge; which report was adopted.
Brother Asa H. Battin was reelected M.·. W.·. Grand Master and all the elective Grand Officers were re-elected to their present stations, and all were duly installed.
Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 20, A. D. 1874, fixed as the time of holding the next annual communication of the Grand Lodge.
The Foreign Correspondence Committee submitted its report covering 48 pages, and reviews the proceedings of 46 Grand Lodges.
The invasion by the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, and the Grand Orient of France is still discussed and condemned, and the Grand Lodge of Michigan seems to strike a responsive chord by its resolution, as follows:
"That the encroachments upon the jurisdictional rights of American Grand Lodges can no longer be submitted to, and as edicts of non-intercourse appear to have no influence upon the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, or the Grand Orient of France, the Grand Lodge of Michigan will cooperate with her sister Grand Lodges in refusing to bold Masonic communication with all Masonic powers, who, on being requested, shall fail to recognize the American doctrine of exclusive and absolute Grand Lodge jurisdiction on this continent." The Grand Lodge of Virginia adopted similar resolutions.
The Grand Secretary appends the usual statistical tables to our proceedings, the recapitulation showing 433 working Lodges with total membership of 30,300, and 1,364 raised the past year.
The Grand Secretary received the following response from the Masons of Memphis, after the close of the Grand Lodge, which is printed on page 183 of the proceedings.
Office of Masonic Board of belief of Memphis, Memphis, October 27, 1873.
John D. Caldwell, Grand Secretary,
"My Dear Brother: God bless your noble old soul, may you live forever. 'This truly said that Masonry knows no North, South, East or West, and the fraternity of your noble old state, with yourself, are certainly bearing out this statement. The prayers of the suffering and destitute must avail, and Ohio be exempt from scourges such as ours forever.
"The five hundred dollars just received please consider as the capstone of your benevolence.
"With kind remembrances of 'Auld Lang
Sync' and fraternal regards now and always,
There also appears on the next page the minutes or memoranda of the organization of the Association of "Masonic Veterans of Ohio."
"On the 15th of October, 1872, was organized at Columbus an Association of Masonic Veterans of Ohio. Its object, 'the perpetuation of Masonic friendship, the cultivation of the social virtues, the collection of facts relating to Masonic history and biography, the preservation of the good old usages of the craft, and the exertion of influence to improve Masonry in every good word and work.'"
As originally instituted those eligible were to be Masons in good standing of some Masonic body, who had been members of the Order for twenty-five years, furnishing their signature to the roll, and pay the Treasurer the sum of one dollar.
Brother Wm. B. Thrall, M.·. W.·. Past Grand Master, was chosen the first President. He died June 7, 1873.
At Toledo, September 2, 1873, the vacancy was filled by promoting Bro. Jacob Graff, first Vice President, to the office of President.
The regulation was changed so as to admit, if members of some Masonic body, those who had been Master Masons for twenty years.
The Association is to hold a reunion and meeting during the session of the Grand Chapter (convenes Wednesday, September 9, 1874, at Dayton), and during the meeting of the Grand Lodge (at Columbus, Tuesday, 20th of October, 1874), every year.
Brother Edward Spear, a Vice President, died, January 31, 1873.
The present Board of Officers is as follows:
President, Bro. Jacob Graff, P. G. H. P., Cincinnati; Vice Presidents, Bro. John M. Barrere, Hillsboro; Bro. Jonathan N. Burr, Mt. Vernon; Bro. George Rex, P. G. M., Wooster; Bro. Joseph M. Dana, Athens; Bro. J. S. Felton, Norwalk; Bro. George Keifer, Troy; Secretary, Bro. Cornelius Moore, Cincinnati; Treasurer, Bro. John D. Caldwell, Cincinnati; Sentinel, Bro. Timothy B. Fisher, P. G. M. G. C., Marion.
M.·. W.·. ASA H. BATTIN, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, October 20, A. D. 1874, with Grand Master Asa H. Battin in the Chair, and all the other Grand Officers, and the following Past Grand Masters, L. V. Bierce, George Rex, A. H. Newcomb; and Past Grand Deputy Grand Masters, M.D. Brock and Philip M. Wagenhals, present, and more than a constitutional number of Subordinate Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his address, reporting:
The dedication by the Grand Master of the following Lodge Halls:
October, 1873, the new Hall of Wellsville Lodge, No.180. A large attendance from East Liverpool, Salineville and Steubenville. At the close of the ceremonies a beautiful Bible was presented the Lodge by the wives and daughters of the members.
February 3, 1874, the new Hall of Harrison Lodge, No.219, at Cadiz. An able address was delivered ¾ by Brother Arnold.
October 8, the new Hall of Bridgeport Lodge, No.181. The Lodge having secured a lease on its rooms for ninety-nine years at a fair rental. He compliments all these Lodges on the neat, commodious, and well furnished Halls they have secured, and their marked prosperity.
He issued proxies to dedicate Masonic Halls,
to the following Brothers:
On October 3, 1874, issued special dispensation to Moriah Lodge, No.105, at Powhatan Point, Belmont County, to appear in public procession and dedicate a monument erected over the remains of a deceased Brother, no report yet received.
At the close of last session special proxies were issued to the following Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at that session:
Brother Wm. Lawson, Gallia Lodge, No.469;
A very large number of special dispensations were granted to elect and install Officers, the list covering over a page of the closely printed record, and the Grand Master says possibly in the rush of business, a few got away without being noted or recorded, and adds: "The list is a large one, much larger than usual, resulting from the time of meeting of many Lodges being dependent upon the moon."
"On June 24, 1874, the Grand Master attended a grand celebration of the Fraternity at Wellsville, Columbiana County, which has not been excelled by anything in eastern Ohio.
"For some months previous the anti-Masons in that vicinity had held high carnival and freely boasted that the order in the village should be crushed out. Professed ministers of the Gospel had declaimed against it from the pulpit; lectures had been delivered by itinerant humbugs, in which its enormities had been laid bare, and a feeling of bitterness against the Fraternity had been engendered and encouraged, which it was hoped by our enemies would result in the downfall of Wellsville Lodge. But in the hour of the apparent triumph of our enemies in that vicinity, the Brothers of Wellsville were equal to the emergency. They quietly arranged for a grand display on that occasion; and when the memorable day arrived, their success exceeded their most sanguine expectations. Lodges present were, New Lisbon, East Liverpool, Hammondsville, Salineville, Hanover, Minerva, Waynesburg, Alliance, Steubenville, Bridgeport and Martins Ferry, in Ohio; Beaver, Smiths Ferry, Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Rochester and New Brighton, in Pennsylvania; New Cumberland, Wellsburg and Wheeling, in West Virginia; together with a number of Commanderies in full uniform from the three states named. The procession was one of the finest I have ever seen, and the town was too small to hold the people. Over eight thousand people gathered around the speaker's stand, and listened to an eloquent and able address by our worthy Bro. Rev. W. B. Watkins, of Pittsburgh; and since that day not the sound of an anti-Mason has been heard in Wellsville, or the region round about."
Dispensations were granted for new Lodges
at the following places:
On August 17, the Hall of Matamoras Lodge, No.374, together with its charter, jewels and effects, were destroyed by fire, and a dispensation was issued empowering them to continue labor until this session, and authorized the Lodge to meet in the I. O. O. F. Hall until they could secure a proper room, the same having been kindly tendered them. Recommended a new charter be granted the Lodge in place of the one destroyed.
Calls attention to the Temperance "Crusade," and the excitement and ill feeling engendered, to allay which and at the same time define the position of the Grand Lodge, he issued and sent to each Subordinate Lodge a circular letter, a copy of which is submitted, and is printed in the proceedings, pages 197 and 198, which be believes greatly assisted in allaying the excitement on the part of some of the Lodges.
In may, 1874, received from the Grand Master and Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge on Louisiana, a letter reporting that by reason of unusual floods a large number of the Brethren in that state were destitute and needed immediate assistance, and believing this Grand Lodge would sanction it, he sent to the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana, three hundred dollars of the monies of the Grand Lodge then in his hands to be applied to the immediate relief of our distressed Brethren in that state, and also issue a circular appealing to our Subordinate Lodges for donations, and our Grand Secretary reports the sum of $1,707.93 contributed by the Lodges and members of our jurisdiction and forward to the Grand Secretary of Louisiana.
The Circular and the report of the Grand Secretary showing the contribution, and forwarding same, the grateful acknowledgment of the same and notice that and Grand Secretary of Louisiana, are printed in the proceedings, pages 44 to 47 inclusive. The Grand Lodge approved the action of the Grand master in all matters connected with this subject.
Reports the payment of $872.00 to Wilstach, Baldwin & Co. For printing the proceedings of 1873, and compliments them on the quality of material and workmanship.
The Grand Treasurer's report shows a balance on hand October 19, 1874, $7,408.47. Total receipts last year, $11,690.00; disbursements, $13,233.47, excess of disbursements over receipts $1,543.47.
The Grand Secretary was ordered to have fifteen sets of the proceedings of the Grand Lodge from and including 1858 to the close of the present session bound for the use of the Grand Lodge.
(Note. The Grand Secretary will need copies of the proceedings for the years 1858, 1859, 1860, 1862 and 1868; can Lodges spare such?)
The following resolution presented by the Committee on Charters and Dispensations, was adopted.
Resolved, That all applications to Lodges to recommend dispensations for new Lodges shall be presented at a stated meeting of the Lodge, entered upon the minutes, and lie over to the next stated meeting, before a vote be taken thereon.
In his address last year, page 7, proceedings of 1873, the Grand Master reported he had granted a special dispensation to Meridian Lodge, No.234, to ballot on an application of a fellow craft for the M. M. degree at a special meeting called for that purpose, and if elected to confer the M. M. degree on him at the same special meeting; the matter was referred to the Jurisprudence Committee and was continued to this session. The committee now decides the Grand Master erred in granting the dispensation, as Rule 31 requires all balloting for degrees to be had at stated meetings and the Grand Master has no power to annul this positive rule, which decision was approved by the Grand Lodge. They also report that the Grand Lodge has no power to require Subordinate Lodges to refund to Relief Associations money voluntarily expended for the relief of their members, and that legislation to that effect would be neither prudent or proper; which was adopted.
Also that under Rule 7 of the Code, the Worshipful Master of a Lodge is amenable only to the Grand Lodge or Grand Master for his Masonic conduct; and hence he can neither be tried or punished by the Lodge for any Masonic offense committed by him during his term of office, but must be tried by the Grand Master or Grand Lodge; which was approved.
The committee did not concur with the Grand Master, that it would be beneficial to the Craft to change the rules so as to dispense with expulsion for non-payment of dues. They find Sections XXII and XXIII of the By-Laws, which are coeval with the Grand Lodge, owe their existence to the fact that our fathers found it necessary, by compulsory process, to provide means for Masonic purposes and for the expenses of the Lodge, and recommend no changes be made in the present law on that subject; which was approved by the Grand Lodge.
On the subject of one ballot for all three degrees, the committee report that the uniform rules and decisions of the Grand Lodge were in favor of a ballot for each degree, and recommend no change be made; which was approved.
At the last communication there were two reports from the Grievance Committee on the suspension of a Brother of Highland Lodge, No.38, convicted of the habitual sale of intoxicating liquors in violation of law, which was continued to this session, the minority report in favor of sustaining the suspension and the majority in favor of reversing it; on motion on majority report was sustained and adopted.
Permission was granted Clemente Amitie Lodge, No.285, to remove from Unionville to Reinersville, Morgan County, its territorial jurisdiction to remain as at present, and a majority of the Lodges to vote in favor of removal.
Pleasant Ridge Lodge No.282, was refused permission to remove to Carthage, and its present Lodge room being unfit for Masonic purpose, work was interdicted until made safe or until a suitable hall secured.
The proposition that hereafter the Grand Lodge should not pay mileage and per diem to any representative, except the Grand Lodge Officers, and the matter of compensation be left to the Lodges sending the representatives, amending Section XVIII of the By-Laws, was lost.
Rule 26 of the Code for Subordinate Lodges was amended to read as follows:
"Lodges shall deny to unaffiliated Masons the privilege of Masonic charity and Masonic burial," and Section 74 of the Code was amended by adding thereto the following:
"Nor shall any visitor be received in any Lodge who has been unaffiliated for more than one year next preceding his applying for admission as a visitor."
The Grand Secretary was authorized to have the proceedings printed and distributed.
The Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence reported on the subject of the Grand Lodges of the states adopting a uniform ritual that "Masonry has a universal language which can not be changed by rituals; * *
* hence uniformity in this regard is neither important or possible, and recommend postponement indefinitely, which was adopted.
Charters were granted to the following
Dispensations of the following Lodges were continued:
Conrad, at Alliance, Stark County; Oak Harbor, at Oak Harbor, Ottawa County, the name of this Lodge changed from O. K. to Oak Harbor.
Sinking Spring, U. D., at Sinking Spring, Highland County; Weston, U. D., at Weston, Wood County.
Brother Asa H. Battin was re-elected Most Worshipful Grand Master, and all the other elective Grand Officers were re-elected to fill their present stations, and all were duly installed.
Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 19, A. D. 1875, as the time for holding the next annual communication.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence through Bro. John D. Caldwell, submitted its report covering 51 pages, and treating a number of interesting Masonic subjects, among which are articles from the pen of that distinguished Masonic author, Wm. James Hughan of Truro, England; under the heads of "Ancient York Masons," the "Master Mason's Degree," "Sketches of Old English Lodges," the "Sloane Manuscript," and a number of other subjects from other noted Masonic writers.
He also introduces an article, presumably written by himself, styled "Our Masonic 'Brother Jonathan,'" which is a curiosity.
Under the head of "Masonry in Camps," the early Military Lodges established in America are noted, and under "The Great West," the rapid growth of Masonry in the West, and the great credit Ohio is entitled to in starting and disseminating the principles of Masonry throughout that portion of the United States, which then boasted of about 200,000 of the 500,000 then in the whole United States, the following being the summary as given in the report:
The New England States have enrolled 79,170 Masons; the Middle States 132,260 Masons; the thirteen Southern States 147,176 Masons; the Western States and Territories 197,870 Masons.
M.·. W.·. ASA H. BATTIN, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 19, A. D. 1875, with Grand Master Asa H. Battin in the Chair, all the other Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters, L. V. Bierce and A. H. Newcomb; Past Deputy Grand Masters, M. D. Brock and P. M. Wagenhals; and Past Junior Grand Warden, Kent Jarvis, and the representatives of more than a constitutional number of the Subordinate Lodges, present.
Brother Charles S. Stansbury, of Washington, D. C., M.·. W.·. Grand Master of the M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, F. & A. M., was introduced, received, and welcomed by the Grand Lodge with honors and conducted to a seat in the east.
The Grand Master read his address, reporting:
He had on three occasions refused to "make Masons at sight" and stating at length his reasons therefor.
Issued a large number of dispensations to elect and install Officers of Subordinate Lodges.
Issued proxies to competent Brothers to constitute all the Lodges chartered at last session, except Ohio City Lodge, at Martins Ferry, which was constituted by the Grand Master November 11, 1874. Addresses were delivered by the Grand Master and by Bro. Ross Alexander and Rev. Sedwick. The Brothers to whom proxies were issued promptly performed the duties assigned to them.
Special proxies were issued to the following Brothers to dedicate new Halls and lay corner stones:
D. C. Akin, to dedicate the new Hall of Clemente Amitie Lodge, No.285; M.D. Brock, P. D. G. M., the new Hall of Napthali Lodge No.262; R. E. Richards, the new Hall of Portage Lodge, No.351; J. R. Conrad, the new Hall of Unity Lodge, No.12; J. F. McKenney, to lay the corner stone of a Soldiers' Monument at Sidney, Ohio; R. H. Lansing, the corner stone of new town hall in the village of Greenfield, Ohio; R. E. Richards, to lay the corner stone of a new school building in Oak Harbor.
On November 4, 1874, the Grand Master dedicated the new Hall of New Birmingham Lodge, No.231, at New Birmingham, Rev. Bro. John Williams, of Steuhenville, delivering an address.
Dispensations for new Lodges were granted
Owing to unexpected delays in completing its building, Kilgore Lodge has not organized and recommend. it be continued one year. A number of these Lodges have procured Halls owned by themselves, which is commended.
Pleasant Ridge Lodge, No.282, having made its Hall perfectly safe, was permitted to resume labor.
The Grand Master calls attention to the misunderstanding and friction arising between Masonic bodies by reason of the adoption at the last Grand communication of the report of the Jurisprudence Committee on the subject of "Masonic Funerals" (page 59, proceedings 1874), and "Union with other Societies" and the correspondence and action of the Grand Commandery Knights Templars of Ohio, and recommends a modification of the same, which was referred to the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence, which reported a modification of their former definition and report, and recommended the repeal and rescission of the report of 1874, which after discussion was adopted, and the cause for misunderstanding removed (pages 44 and 45, proceedings 1875).
The Grand Master reported a number of decisions made by him and requested they be duly considered by the Grand Lodge.
He called attention to the subject of the Colored Grand Lodge of Ohio, which was referred to a select committee, and that portion of his address and the report of the committee is printed in the appendix, pages 6 to 10.
The Deputy Grand Master presented his report stating he had issued dispensations for the following new Lodges:
December 25, 1874, West Side, at Cleveland,
A telegram of condolence on the death of Bro. John M. S. McCorkle, Past Grand Master of Kentucky, and for many years the Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge, was sent to the Grand Lodge of Kentucky, F. & A. M., and a response received, both of which are printed in the proceedings.
The Grand Treasurer submitted his report showing a balance on hand October 19, 1875, $6,698.82.
The Committee on Jurisprudence reported the following decisions as to trials. That in cases of conviction of a Brother in a civil court for violation of law, charges must be preferred and trial had as in other cases, the record of conviction to be prima facie evidence of guilt, but subject to explanation; and in cases of nonpayment of dues charges must be made and trial had as in other cases; and that Section 18 of the Code applies to candidates for advancement who have been rejected; all of which were approved by the Grand Lodge.
The Grand Lodge of the province of Manitoba, the Grand Lodge of Prince Edward Island, and the Grand Lodge of Dakota, recently organized, were recognized and welcomed by a unanimous vote.
Brother Charles S. Stansbury, an officer of the National Monumental Society to complete the monument to Washington, addressed the Grand Lodge, and the Grand Lodge voted to appropriate one thousand dollars, and requested its Subordinate Lodges to contribute liberally to the project.
The application of Pleasant Ridge Lodge, No.282, to hold its communications at Pleasant Ridge six months and at Lockland six months each year, was refused.
The select committee on the celebration of the Masonic Centennial, reported reviewing the establishment of Masonry in Ohio, by American Lodge, No.1, located at Marietta, and offered the following resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That a special communication of this Grand Lodge be held at Marietta, Ohio, on the 26th of June, 1876, to unite with American Lodge, No.1, its eldest born, in celebrating the centennial of that Lodge, and that of the nation as well.
A proposition to increase the Grand Lodge dues from twenty-five cents to fifty cents per member, was indefinitely postponed.
The mileage of the officers and members of the Grand Lodge was reduced from one dollar and fifty cents for each twenty-five miles travel to one dollar and twenty-five cents.
Charters were granted for the following
The following Lodges were continued under
Dispensations were refused for the following:
The Grand Master presented Bro. Kent Jarvis, a Past Junior Grand Warden, who has been fifty-three eyars a Mason, and is the president of the "Masonic Veterans of Ohio," who was cordially greeted, and delivered an address.
Brother Charles A. Woodward, of Cleveland, was elected Most Worshipful Grand Master, and Bro. William Cunningham, of Newark, Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master, and they with the other Grand Officers were duly installed. Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 17, A. D. 1876, as the time for holding the next annual Grand Communication.
The subject of the Colored Grand Lodge of Ohio was made the special order of business at 2 o'clock P. M., Wednesday, October 20, and the matter referred to a Special Committee to report at that time.
The Grand Master in his address devoted two and a half pages of the closely printed appendix to this subject (pages 6 to 8 of appendix), too lengthy for insertion here. He does not present any facts or opinions as to the legitimacy or regularity of the Colored Lodges, but makes an appeal for their recognition on "general principles." The following extracts will give an idea of the trend of his address: "One hundred years ago our patriot fathers proclaimed to the world those noble words embodying great truths that shook the thrones of monarchs as an earthquake. All men are created free and equal, endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. They were the foundation of a great republic, which, having stood the test of time, the shocks of foreign and intestine wars, is now, at the close of the first century, greater, stronger, more powerful than ever before, and like the Temple of Solomon, the wonder and admiration of the world. Our people are indeed free. * * *
"For nearly a century there has existed in this country an organized body of men who are generally known as 'Colored Masons.' * * * They claim to be in possession of the same secrets as ours, * * * that they derive their authority from legal sources, and are * * * legal Masons.
"If they are possessed of the same knowledge which we claim, then the legality of their organizations became involved; and here a question arises that probably can never be settled in a manner entirely satisfactory to the Masonic world. But whatever may have been their origin, their existence is undisputed; their Grand and Subordinate Lodges are in our midst; * * * they are asking recognition at the hands of the Grand Lodges in America, and the question must be met by us. * * *
"At present, in our own country, we can not recognize Masons receiving light in Colored Lodges. We are presented in our own state with the anomaly of two Grand Lodges, each with a number of Subordinate Lodges, * * * and yet the one is not permitted to recognize the other, and all intercourse between the two prohibited. In this great centennial year, whilst liberty and equality are shed abroad through our great nation, is it not right and proper that we, as Masons, shall at least attempt to bring about, by proper means and in a legal manner, a union of these two Grand Lodges in one state? If there is any illegality in the organization of either (?), let it be healed."
The committee reported Wednesday afternoon, at length stating they did not attempt to discuss or enter into the history of the so-called "Colored Freemasonry" or its legitimacy at the present time, yet they find a Colored Grand Lodge with a number of Subordinates in this state, and they offered for adoption a resolution providing in substance, that if the so-called Colored Grand Lodge would change its name and constitutional title so that it shall read as follows: "The African Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Massons of the state of Ohio," this Grand Body will recognize it as a legitimate and Independent Grand Lodge.
After discussion thereon, Bro. Lewis H. Williams, Worshipful Master of Russellville Lodge, No.166, and elected as R.·. W.·. Junior Grand Warden, moved that final action on the subject matter of the Colored Grand Lodge as above, be deferred until the next annual communication, which was agreed to.
The Grand Secretary was directed to publish a separate pamphlet, containing the address of the Grand Master on this subject, the memorial submitted by W. T. Boyd and others relative thereto, the report of the Committee on Foreign Correspondence, and all other reports and papers submitted on the subject, and to distribute the same to the Subordinate Lodges of this state and Grand Lodges.
This was done making a pamphlet of 58 pages, under the title of "New Day, New Duty," and the same was also included in the printed proceedings of that year, being the first 58 pages of the appendix, and prepared by the friends and advocates of the adoption of the report of the committee, and containing every paper, document and argument that could be presented or advanced in its favor, including a statement of the formation and subsequent action of what was known as the "Prince Hall Lodge," in Massachusetts, afterwards known as "The African Lodge," No.459, afterwards registered as No.370, and which was borne on the rolls of the Grand Lodge of England from 1789 to 1813, and then stricken and dropped from the rolls; but neglected to call attention to the report of Bro. William Seward Gardner, M.·. W.·. Grand Master of Masons of Massachusetts, to the Grand Lodge of that state in 1870, wherein he claims to show conclusively that by its action in 1827, June 18 (if it had an existence at that time in view of it being stricken from the roll of the Grand Lodge of England, in 1813), in declaring itself independent by reason of the Grand Lodge of England refusing to recognize it or restore it to the rolls, its existence came to an end; and if not then, that afterwards in 1847 when the Colored Lodges formed a "National Grand Lodge," African Lodge of Boston surrendered its charter and on December 11, 1847, received its present charter from that body, and that by reason of these acts the original charter has become extinct and forfeited. This report was made to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in response to a petition from Colored persons claiming to be Masons, and asking to be recognized as such; and the report was unanimously adopted and the petitioners had leave to withdraw their petition. This report will be found on pages 79 and 80 of the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Ohio for 1870.
The publication and distribution of this pamphlet gave rise to a heated discussion of the subject in and through the various Masonic periodicals of the day, and in the proceedings of the various Grand Lodges, those in favor of the adoption of the report of the committee relying principally on the claims and statements set out in the pamphlet, with some additional statements as to records, and the proceedings in relation to the action of the African Lodge, and the so-called National Grand Lodge. The proposition met with strong protests from nearly all quarters of this country, and from England. From some of the states, and especially from Massachusetts, and practically all over the west, the opposition was bitter.
The London Freemason, in an article, which is copied in the Masonic Review of February, 1876 (Vol.48, page 19), reviews the subject and coincides with Brother Gardner, Grand Master of Massachusetts, that African Lodge in 1813 was defunct, and could only be resuscitated by application to and by the vote and action of the Grand Lodge of England, from which it derived its original charter, and among other things says: "Prince Hall Lodge was an irregular and clandestine gathering of Masons, and had neither legal, Masonic status or authority.
Probably the best, calmest, most accurate and exhaustive article on the subject was contributed by Bro. Josiah H. Drummond, Past Grand Master of Maine, who was and is recognized as one of the best qualified and posted authorities on Masonic Jurisprudence in the United States, and which will be found on pages 261 to 270, inclusive of the July, 1876, number of the Masonic Review, Vol. 48.
After a careful review of the whole subject he announces his conclusion that the Colored Lodges are not regnlar, and says: "We can not see, therefore, that the Masons of today can do anything of the character proposed by the Grand Lodge of Ohio, or that they are called upon to recognize, or that they can recognize, without a violation of the landmarks of Masonry, the organizations to which the resolutions of that Grand Lodge relate."
Brother Cornelius Moore, editor of the Masonic Review; Bro. Albert G. Mackey, author of Mackey's Encyclopedia; and one of the editors of the Voice of Masonry; Bro. Sereno D. Nickerson, editor of the New England Freemason; and Bro. Frank Gourley of St. Louis, in articles written by them and published in their magazines of that date, all agree with the above findings and opinions.
There was another very important question connected with this subject, discussed, viz.: the original and exclusive jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, within this state, over all Masonic legislation and subjects, as declared in Article XV of its Constitution, and adopted and recognized by every legitimate Grand Lodge of every state in the United States, ever since the formation of the government and the organization of Grand Lodges within the several states. This doctrine of exclusive jurisdiction was declared by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in 1782, and reaffirmed in1785; by the Grand Lodge of Virginia in June 24, 1779, and reaffirmed October 28, 1785; and has been upheld and reaffirmed by the Grand Lodge of Ohio and of every other state whenever the jurisdiction of the recognized Grand Lodge of any of our sister states was invaded or attempted to be invaded by any foreign or rival Grand Lodge whatever. These considerations were pressed with force and vigor by the opponents of the proposition to recognize the Colored Grand Lodge as an insurmountable objection to such recognition.
The above statements are given as a mere condensed abstract of the claims and contentions of the parties to this controversy. The various articles and documents printed on the subject would fill a large volume, and the Masonic student who desires to push his investigations further is referred to the Masonic periodicals above enumerated, and the proceedings and reports of the Foreign Correspondence Committees of the various Grand Lodges from 1875 to 1877 inclusive, where he will find both sides of the question ably, though in some instances quite bitterly and forcibly, presented.
We are merely historians, not members of a Jurisprudence Committee, and therefore do not express any opinion as to the merits of either side of the controversy. The Foreign Correspondence Committee submitted their report covering 63 pages, containing many historical facts in relation to early Masonry in England and the United States.
We give a condensed abstract of the principal subjects treated in this valuable document, thus citing the Brother who desires information, to the printed report, for the historical facts therein stated: "Washington as a Mason;" "The American Union Lodge," giving its history from its first organization as an Army Lodge, February 15, 1776, to its first meeting at Marietta, Ohio, June 28, 1790, with extracts from its minutes to June 24, 1792, and its recognition by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania May 21, 1792, and by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts December 6, 1791; "First Royal Arch Masonry in Ohio," organized under the auspices of American Union Lodge, No.1, at Marietta; "Royal Arch Masonry in Cincinnati" in 1794.
"Lodges forming the Grand Lodge of Ohio," giving their organization, from whence they derived their charters, early Officers, etc.; "Nova Cesarea Lodge, Cincinnati," the history of its charter from Grand Lodge of New Jersey, and its organization December 27, 1794; "The Rite of Perfection" in Albany, N. Y., in 1761; "Washington Monument" with a cut of the proposed monument when completed.
The proceedings also contain a memorandum of the Organization of "Masonic Veterans of Ohio," with their minutes and a list of members to date, and an excellent portrait of Bro. Kent Jarvis, the present president of the association, who has been a Mason for fifty-three years.
M.·. W.·. CHARLES A. WOODWARD, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 17, A. D. 1876, with Grand Master Charles A. Woodward in the Chair, all the other Grand Officers, Past Grand Masters, L. V. Bierce, George Rex, A. H. Newcomb, and Past Deputy Grand Master, M. D. Brock, present, and over two hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his address, reporting that he had constituted the following Lodges chartered at last communication November 2, 1875, Stonington, at Amherst; November 8, West Side, at Cleveland; November 10, Woodward, at Cleveland; and had issued special proxies to competent Brothers to constitute the balance of said chartered Lodges, all of whom promptly discharged the duties assigned to them.
That he had issued dispensations for two new Lodges, as follows:
October 26, 1875, Leanore, at Midway, Madison
The charter of Winchester Lodge, No.236, having been destroyed by fire, issued a dispensation to them. authorizing the Lodge to continue meetings until this session, and recommend a new charter be granted.
A petition for a new Lodge at Canal Fulton, Stark County, received a few days since, is submitted for action by the Grand Lodge.
Special proxies were issued to the following Brothers to dedicate Halls and lay corner stones of buildings:
April 8, 1877, Bro. John M. Barrere, to dedicate new Hall of Highland Lodge, No.38, at Hillsboro, Highland County, dedicated May 25, 1877; April 17, Bro. J. Kelly O'Neal, to dedicate the new Hall of Morrow Lodge, No.265, at Morrow, Warren County, dedicated May 18, with the assistance of Bro. Jacob Randall, R.·. W.·. Grand Tyler, and Bro. T. J. Melish; June 14, Bro. W. M. Cunningham, R.·. W.·. Deputy Grand Master, to lay the corner stone of a new court house to be erected in Newark, Licking County; June 27, Bro. J. N. Burr, to lay the corner stone of a Soldiers' Monument at Mount Vernon, Knox County; July 10, Bro. J. H. Johnson, to lay the corner stone of a new High School building to be erected at Dresden, Muskingum County; August 22, Bro. Past Grand Master A. H. Newcomb, to lay the corner stone of a new schoolhouse to be erected in the town of Nevada, Wyandot County.
In conformity with the resolution adopted at last session a special communication of the Grand Lodge was opened at Marietta, June 24, 1876, for the purpose of uniting with American Union Lodge, No.1, in celebrating its centennial anniversary.
A procession was formed and marched through the principal streets to the college grounds, where the exercises were opened by an impressive prayer by our R.·. W.·. Grand Chaplain A. G. Byers. M.·. W.·. Bro Richard Vaux, Past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, who had been chosen orator of the day, delivered an eloquent, interesting and instructive address, and was followed by Bro. Cornelius Moore, who in a very able manner reviewed the history of American Union Lodge from its organization to the present time. Bro. J. D. Caldwell, our R.·. W.·. Grand Secretary, then presented the ancient records of the Lodge, reading extracts therefrom, after which the Grand Master delivered an address, and the exercises were closed by Bro. George T. Hovey, Worshipful Master of the Lodge, in a few well chosen and appropriate remarks. The attendance of the Masonic Brethren and the citizens of the city and surrounding country was large.
The report of the Grand Treasurer was submitted showing a balance in the treasury, October 17, 1876, $4,295.39.
The proposed recognition of an African Lodge in Ohio, was called up the first day and after discussion and a number of motions and points of order, the matter was fixed as the special order of business for Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock. On Wednesday morning the matter was called up when Bro. William M. . Cunmugham, R.·. W.·. Deputy Grand Master filed in writing his point of order, as follows:
"Any regulation affecting in any manner the status of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, its absolute individuality, or its superiority within its own jurisdiction, must be construed as an amendment of Article XV of the Constitution, and must be treated in the same manner as any other amendment thereto," and cited the Preamble of the Constitution of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, and Article XV of the Constitution, copying the same in full.
A discussion ensued, after which the Grand Master decided the point of order not well taken. Brother Cunningham appealed from the decision of the M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and a call was made for a vote by Lodges and by yeas and nays of Grand Officers. The elected Grand Officers were called. The roll of Lodges was called and votes recorded on the question, "Shall the decision of the Grand Master be sustained as the opinion of the Grand Lodge?"
rending the addition of the column and declaration of the result, Bro. F. T. Carson moved that the tally sheets and credential lists be referred to a select committee of three in connection with the Grand Secretary to compare the same and to report without delay to the Grand Lodge, which proposition on motion was laid on the table.
The vote as taken and canvassed shows the vote as cast by each representative and Grand Officer, the report covering nearly fourteen pages of the proceedings, and resulted in not sustaining the decision of the Grand Master; the votes of the representatives showing 329 votes in favor of sustaining the Grand Master, and 889 against it, three Grand Officers voting in favor and one against it.
The Grand Master on the announcement of the result, being a majority of votes nay over votes yea, declared the decision of the Grand Master, on the appeal of Brother Cunningham, was not sustained.
The next day Bro. W. B. Sloan, J. W. of O. H. Perry Lodge, No.341, Port Clinton, presented a preamble reciting the decision of the Grand Master on the point of order raised by Bro. W. M. Cunningham, his appeal from the Grand Master's decision and the failure of the Grand Lodge to sustain the Grand Master, and offered the following resolution:
"Be it resolved, That Section XV of the Masonic Code be amended by adding thereto the following:
"Provided that the words 'Exclusive jurisdiction over all the subjects of Masonic legislation shall not be construed to prohibit this Grand Lodge from having the power to recognize or delegate any authority to Lodges, or other Masonic Powers, as in its wisdom it may deem expedient.'"
This preamble and resolution failed to be seconded by the required majority of votes, could not be submitted to the Subordinate Lodges for their approval, as designed by the mover, and therefore it failed; and the further agitation of the subject ended, and was not afterwards revived in the Grand Lodge.
Charters were granted to the following
Lodges, U. D.:
The dispensation of Kilgore Lodge, U. D., at Kilgore, Carroll County, was continued to next session.
The petition for a dispensation for a new Lodge at Canal Fulton, in Stark County, was not granted.
New charters issued to Aberdeen Lodge, No.149, and Winchester Lodge, No.236, in lieu of originals destroyed by accident, they paying the fees therefor.
Brother Charles A. Woodward was re-elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and all the other elective Grand Officers were re-elected to their present stations and all were installed.
Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 16, A. D. 1877 the time for holding the next annual communication.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted its report, the larger portion of which is devoted to the Colored Mason subject, and in view of the large space devoted to it in the past year we will not enlarge on the subject and leave it to those who desire to pursue the subject further to read the report.
From the statistics it appears there are now in the United States 53 Grand Lodges in correspondence with each other, 10,215 Subordinate Lodges with 595,000 Masons and 47,000 Knights Templars.
This report contains a long letter from the noted Mason and author, Wm. James Hughan, to the Grand Lodge of Ohio, covering twelve closely printed pages of the appendix (pages 151 to 163), which is replete with information relating to old Freemasons and Free-masonry in Europe and America, and he cites an extract from the New England Post, dated August 20, 1737, under the date of Boston, June 27, and giving an account of a meeting of the Free and Accepted Masons on the feast of St. John the Baptist, and the transaction of some business, "After which the Society attended the Grand Master in procession to his Excellency, Governor Belcher, and from thence the Governor was attended by the Grand Master and the Brotherhood to the Royal Exchange Tavern in King street where they had an elegant entertainment. It being the first procession in America they appeared in the proper badges of their Order, some gold and some silver. The procession was closed by the Grand Master." Want of space forbids further extracts.
Announcement is made in the last pages of the proceedings of the death of Past Grand Master L. V. Bierce, at Akron, November 11, A. D. 1876. Born at Cornwall, Litchfield County, Conn., August 4, 1801; initiated E. A. at Ravenna, August 10, 1826; F. C., October 12, 1826; M. M., October 12, 1826; appointed S. G. D. of Grand Lodge, October, 1850; elected J. G. W., October, 1851, reelected 1852, and elected Grand Master, 1853.
A Special Communication of the Grand Lodge was held at the Masonic Temple, Akron, November 15, to attend his funeral; Grand Master C. A. Woodward presiding, and J. D. Caldwell, Grand Secretary, and other Grand Officers and a large concourse of Brethren present; and his remains deposited in mother earth with full Masonic honors. A full account of the services and the action of the Bar Association, of Summit County, is printed in the appendix to the proceedings.
The announcement is also made of the death of Bro. Joseph B. Covert, of Cincinnati, Past Grand Tyler of the Grand Lodge, and his burial in Spring Grove cemetery. He was born at Lebanon, Ohio, then in the Northwestern Territory, February 6, 1798; initiated in N. C. Harmony Lodge, Cincinnati, December 5, 1823, and served as Tyler of that Lodge over a quarter of a century; and as Grand Tyler of all the Ohio Masonic Bodies from 1848 to 1864; and as Captain of the Guard of the Grand Encampment of the U. S. Knights Templars in 1865, at Columbus.
The Grand Lodge of Ohio presented him a costly sword as a token of esteem, which he highly prized.
M.·. W.·. CHARLES A. WOODWARD, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 16, A. D. 1877, with Grand Master Chas. A. Woodward in the Chair, all the other Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters, George Rex and A. H. Newcomb; and Past Deputy Grand Master, M. N. Brock, present, and over two hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his address, announced the deaths of Past Grand Master, L. V. Bierce, Past Grand Tyler J. B. Covert, notices of which were, inserted in the proceedings of 1876; also the sudden death in a railroad disaster at Ashtabula, of Past Grand Chaplain, Rev. A. H. Washburn, on December 29, 1876; of Past Junior Grand Warden, Kent Jarvis, on January 15, 1877; and of Past Deputy Grand Master, Edgar A. Hopkins, July 3, 1877 calls attention to the fact that at the last session the proposition to amend Article 17 of the Code so as to require only one ballot for the three degrees was adopted, but on the last day was reconsidered and the former action rescinded so the article remains unchanged, and he again recommends careful consideration of the subject.
Special proxies were issued to competent Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at the last session, and the duties promptly performed.
Dispensations for the following new Lodges
Recently received petition for dispensation for a new Lodge, at Belpre, Washington County, which is referred to the Grand Lodge for action.
The charters of Pomeroy Lodge, No.164, and Thatcher Lodge, No.439, were destroyed by fire, and dispensations were issued permitting them to continue work until this session; new charters should be issued to them.
The Hall of Marion Lodge, No.70, was destroyed by fire, and dispensation issued authorizing the Lodge to occupy temporarily the Hall of the I. O. O. F.
The Hall of Warsaw Lodge No.255, was destroyed by fire, and as no suitable Hall could be secured in Warsaw, dispensation issued permitting the Lodge to hold its meetings in the town of Spring Mountain until the present session.
The Hall of St. Albans Lodge, No.491, was destroyed by fire, and dispensation issued permitting the Lodge to occupy temporarily the I. O. O. F. Hall.
On January 4, 1877, drew a warrant in favor of the Methodist Book Concern for $759.84, for printing and binding the proceedings of the Grand Lodge for 1876.
Special proxies were issued to the following Brothers to dedicate Masonic Halls and public buildings and lay corner stones:
November 13, Bro. Leander Burdick, to dedicate the new Hall of Tu-en-da-wie Lodge, No.195, at Defiance, Williams County; July 17, Bro. Wm. Bitter, to lay the corner stone of a town hall in Bellville, Richland County; October 3, Bro. J. M. Goodspeed, to lay the corner stone of a new Masonic building to be erected at Athens, Athens County.
The Grand Master on September 14, 1877, laid the corner stone of a new city hall building to be erected at Fremont.
Calls attention to the Masonic Review, now the oldest continuous Masonic publication in the world, being in its 50th volume, and to the interesting sketches of some of the oldest Ohio Lodges, and recommends the Brethren to support the publication.
The Grand Treasurer submitted his report showing a balance on hand October 16, 1877, $3,397.05.
Hanselmann Lodge, No.208, of Cincinnati, presented a preamble and resolution that a committee of five be appointed to report to the Grand Lodge as to the legitimacy and the expediency of recognizing the African Grand Lodge of Ohio, and the expediency of absorbing them in our own Grand Lodge organization.
Brother L. H. Pike moved the adoption of the resolution, Bro. William H. Cunningham, D. G. M., moved its reference to a special committee of five, and Bro. S. L. Fisher moved to lay it on the table, which latter motion was agreed to.
Afterwards Brother Thos. J. Larsh presented the following resolution:
"Resolved, That the Committee on Foreign Correspondence be directed to correspond with all the Grand Lodges of the United States, with which we are in communication, upon the subject of the Lodges of Colored Masons, with the view of agreeing upon some course of action in regard to said Lodges which shall be acceptable to the majority of said Grand Lodges, with instruction to report to the next communication of this Grand Lodge." Which was not agreed to.
Brother Thomas L. Young of Excelsior Lodge, of Cincinnati, Governor of Ohio, was presented to the Grand Lodge, and responded to the fraternal greeting extended to him.
A donation of one hundred dollars was made to Bro. Cornelius Moore, to be paid on the order of the Grand Master, as a testimonial of the valuable services he has given the Grand Lodge in the past.
The Grand Secretary in response to a circular from the Grand Lodge of Missouri as to the custom and practice in our Lodges as to caring for sick and deceased sojourning members, reports he sent out a circular to each Lodge asking their practice, and submits the answers, which are printed in the appendix, pages 70 to 85. Bro. Wm. B. Bowen, R.·. W.·. Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Nebraska, sent a similar circular to the grand Lodges of the United States, and their responses will be found on pages 85 to 90 of the appendix, and in the Voice of Masonry.
The Special Committee on Obituaries reported appropriate testimonials and memorials on the deaths of Past Grand Master, L. V. Bierce, of Akron; Past Grand Tyler, Joseph B. Covert, of Cincinnati; Past Grand Chaplain, Rev. A. H. Washburn; Past Junior Grand Warden, Kent Jarvis, of Massillon; and Bro. Ferdinand Wilmer, of Fremont, which was approved and their biographical sketches printed in the appendix, pages 109 to 112.
The proposition submitted by Brother Ross at the last annual session, (page 46, proceedings of 1876), that the fiscal year of the Grand Lodge shall close on August 31, of each year, and each Lodge shall file its annual report with the Grand dues with the Grand Secretary on or before September 30, of each year, or be denied mileage and per diem, and laid over to this session, was taken up and adopted, and is now in force.
An interesting history of the formation and territory comprising the six districts for District Lecturers reported by the Grand Master in 1857, under the action of the Grand Lodge in 1856, and giving the names and date of appointment of the various District Lecturers appointed in each to date, will be found on pages 40 and 41 of the proceedings, and is useful for reference.
Charters were granted to the following
Lodges, U. D.:
The name of the Lodge, No.515, at Marseilles, was changed from Tymochtee to Marseilles.
Dispensations were granted for new Lodges at Liberty Center, Henry County; and Akron, Summit County.
Dispensation for a Lodge at Belpre, was refused, all adjoining Lodges not having consented. The dispensation for Kilgore Lodge was recalled, the Lodge not being self-sustaining.
The petition of Epler Lodge, No.458, to remove from Montra to Jackson Center, Shelby County, was granted, as was the removal of Warsaw Lodge, No.255, from Warsaw to Spring Mountain.
New charters in lieu of the originals were ordered issued to all Lodges whose charters were destroyed by fire during the past year, as reported by the Grand Master.
A proposition was submitted to appoint a committee to consider the expediency of amending the Constitution by districting the state into Grand Divisions, as well as Representative Districts, etc., and to report to the Grand Lodge at its next session, which was not agreed to.
Brother William M. Cunningham, of Newark, was elected and installed M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and Bro. Reuben C. Lemmon, of Toledo, R.·. W.·. Deputy Grand Master.
Dayton was selected as the place, and Tuesday,
October 15, A. D. 1878, as the time of holding the next annual communication.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted their report covering 123 pages; a good portion of which is taken up by the subject of "Colored Masons and Colored Lodges," to which those interested in the discussion of that subject are referred for additional information. However there is also a fund of information in relation to early Masonry in America and Europe, that is well worth careful perusal and consideration by every Brother interested in the rise and progress of Masonry in this country, and the lives of the eminent Brothers who fought its battles in those troublesome times.
M.·. W.·. WILLIAM M. CUNNINGHAM, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at Gebhart's Hall, Dayton, Tuesday, October 10, A. D. 1878, with Grand Master William M. Cunningham in the Chair, and all the other Grand Officers, except the Grand Treasurer, present, also Past Grand Master A. H. Newcomb, and Past Deputy Grand Master M. D. Brock, and the representatives from over two hundred Lodges.
The Grand Master read his annual address, reporting that he had issued proxies as follows:
October 29, 1877, Bro. Chas. H. Garrigues, to constitute Elliott Lodge, No.514, at Canal Fulton, Stark County; October 31, Bro. R. E. Richards, of Toledo, to constitute Pemberville Lodge, No.516, at Pemberville, Wood County; November 20, Bro. Jonatha: Moffat, to constitute Marseilles Lodge, No.515, Marseilles, Wyandot County.
Also to the following Brothers to dedicate Masonic Halls and lay corner stones:
November 21, 1877, Bro. A. P. Taylor, to dedicate the Hall of Ohio Lodge, No.199, and install it Officers; December 10, 1877, Bro. J. L. Wilson, Worshipful Master of Fairview Lodge, No.446, to dedicate the Hall of Moriah Lodge, No.105; January 11, 1878, Bro. W. H. Phillips, of Kenton, to dedicate the Hall of Latham Lodge, No.154, at Kenton, Hardin County; May 3, Bro W. M. Shinnick, of Zanesville, to lay the corner stone of a Masonic Hall at Beverly, Ohio; June 14, Bro. G. L. Layng, of Dennison, to dedicate the Hall of Sandy Valley Lodge, No.408, at Hanoverton; June 24, Bro. A. H. Newcomb, of Toledo, to dedicate the Hall of Marion Lodge, No.70, at Marion; July 2, Bro. T. F. Blakely, of Sunbury, to lay the corner stone of a school building, at Sunbury, Delaware County; September 16 Bro. J. Kelly O'Neal, to dedicate the Hall of Goshen Lodge, No.119, at Goshen, Clermont County; October 7, Bro. J. W. Underhill, to lay the corner stone of s courthouse, at Wooster, Wayne County.
The duties assigned to the above Brothers have all been discharged with ability and promptness.
Dispensations have been issued for three
new Lodges, as follows:
Petitions were also received for dispensations for new Lodges at Junction City, Perry County; and Belpre, Washington County; but too late to perfect. They are submitted to the Grand Lodge for action.
The Grand Master also calls attention to the fact that "Complaint has been made by Brethren in different parts of the state concerning the compilation of the printed proceedings of this Grand Body for 1877."
"As upon examination, it will be found that the so-called printed proceedings of this Grand Lodge for the year mentioned, contains so much matter therein entire foreign to the frequently expressed views of this Grand Body, that the title Proceedings of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Ohio," is an evident misnomer. In this connection also, the injection of personal opinions in the "headlines" of the daily transactions of this Grand Body whilst it was in session, as on pages 38 and 39, the insertions of individual opinions of the compiler in vindication of his personal views upon questions heretofore settled by this Grand Lodge, and the compilation of matter contrary to its previously expressed views concerning bodies of which this Grand Body is not in communication, is a breach of Masonic etiquette that should not be permitted to pass unnoticed at my hands.
"The long and faithful service, however, of the Grand Officer entrusted by you with the duties of compilation, warrants me in believing that it is only necessary to call his attention thereto, in this official manner, to prevent its repetition in the future."
Calls attention to the financial embarrassment of the Grand Treasurer, his resignation, and the appointment of Bro. Theodore P. Gordon as Grand Treasurer to fill the vacancy, and the filing of his bond as such, and his installation.
The Grand Master opened special communications of the Grand Lodge for the following purposes:
May 24, 1878, to dedicate a Masonic Hall, at Newark; June 24, to dedicate a Masonic Hall, at Athens; July 17, to lay the corner stone of the Franklin County Orphans' Home near Columbus, under the auspices of the Masonic Bodies of that city; September 18, to lay the corner stone of a Universalist Church, at Akron, at request of the Masonic Lodges of that city.
Made a large number of visits to various Lodges, to install their Officers, attend reunions, banquets, etc.
Attended the annual communication of the Grand Lodge of New York, at Grand Lodge Hall in the Masonic Temple in the city of New York, in June last, and was received in a most courteous and fraternal manner, and accorded the full honors due this Grand Lodge and its Grand Master.
Calls attention to the valuable services rendered by the District Lecturers, and recommends the action of the Grand Lodge at the 1876 session whereby they were deprived of mileage and per diem, and excused from attendance at Grand Lodge, unless specially so ordered by the Grand Master, be rescinded.
In response to an appeal from three sister grand jurisdictions for help on account of the destitution and suffering occasioned by the prevalence of yellow fever therein, the Grand Master appointed a disbursing committee composed of Brothers John D. Caldwell, Chas. A. Woodward, Reuben C. Lemon and Theo. P. Gordon, and on August 23, 1878, issued a circular to the Lodges in this state asking for contributions, which was promptly and fraternally responded to and over six thousand dollars received and disbursed for that purpose by the committee, in addition to the large amount of individual donations of members of our fraternity disbursed through other channels.
The Grand Lodge of New Mexico was recognized, and action on the Grand Lodge of Ontario and the Grand Lodge of Cuba, was deferred.
The Grand Lodge decided that no further legislation was necessary in the matter of District Lecturers, and refused to consider the proposition offered by Bro. Emil Kahn, to amend the resolution of 1871 (page 64), defining Masonic offense, 'by exempting hotel and restaurant keepers who sell alcoholic liquors from its terms.
The report of the late Grand Treasurer, F. J. Phillips, was submitted showing the balance in his hands and due the Grand Lodge: general fund, $3,504.52; balance of charity fund, $547.50; total, $4,052.02.
The Committee on Ways and Means reported the receipts are not sufficient to pay the expenses this year and recommend the mileage for this year be reduced from ten to six cents, which was unanimously adopted.
A number of amendments to the present laws as to payment of mileage and per diem by the Grand Lodge, were offered and under the rules are held over to the next session for action.
The Select Committee on the Fund for Yellow Fever Sufferers, reported the receipts from donations, $5,514.45; disbursed, $5,238.86; leaving a balance in hands of the Grand Secretary, $275.59.
The committee heartily commend the M.·. W.·. Grand Master and R.·. W.·. Grand Secretary for their prompt action in this matter, and the Masonic Bodies for their liberal and hearty response to the appeal, concluding, "May He who rules in this universe bless both the donors and the recipients of this most magnificent charity."
The cordial thanks of the Grand Officers of Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana, were promptly tendered the Craft in Ohio for the aid and sympathy so heartily given.
All of the decisions of the Grand Master were approved by the Committee on Jurisprudence, and by the Grand Lodge.
Brother Caldwell from the Foreign Correspondence Committee asked further time to complete his report, and that the same be submitted to the M.·. W.·. Grand Master for publication with the proceedings, which was granted.
Brother William M. Cunningham was re-elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and the other elective Grand Officers were re-elected to their present stations, all were duly installed and the Grand Lodge voted to hold its next annual communication at Cincinnati, Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1879.
Charters were granted to the following
Lodges, U. D.:
The dispensation for a Lodge at Kilgore, Carroll County, recalled at last session, was reconsidered and granted to continue until next session.
A charter was refused Newtonsville, Clermont County.
Dispensations were refused Junction City, Perry County and Belpre, the papers not being in proper form.
The dispensation for a Lodge at Deshler to be named Sycamore Lodge, was continued.
The petition of Painesville Lodge, No.412, and Temple Lodge, No.28, to consolidate was granted, to be hereafter known as Temple Lodge, No.28; and the members of No.412, to be transferred to No.28, both Lodges being located at Painesville.
A Masonic calendar of the Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge from 1808 to 1878 inclusive, with the places of holding the annual communications, etc., is printed in the appendix, pages 65 to 89 of the proceedings with a condensed table on pages 85 and 86, and including a calendar of the United States, showing when organized, pages 79 to 84; being very valuable for reference.
The report of the Foreign Correspondence Committee covers two pages, 157 and 158.
The Masonic Veterans met and were entertained by Reed Commandery K. T. in their spacious rooms, with an elegant banquet, after which a large number of new members were received, and interesting addresses delivered. Bro. John M. Barrere, President; Bro. John D. Caldwell, Secretary and Treasurer. For proceedings see pages 155 and 156, Grand Lodge proceedings.
M.·. W.·. WILLIAM M. CUNNINGHAM, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at Melodeon Hall, Cincinnati, Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1879, with Grand Master William M. Cunningham in the Chair, all the Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb (1869), and Chas. A. Woodward (1875), present, and over two hundred Lodges represented.
A vacant chair draped in mourning with a monogram of fragrant flowers R E X, was in memory of Past Grand Master (1862-3) George Rex, deceased.
The Grand Master read his address.
Announces the death of Past Grand Master George Rex, and pays a beautiful tribute to his personal and Masonic qualities.
Dispensations continued from last session, Kilgore, at Kilgore, Carroll County; Sycamore, at Deshler, Henry County.
Dispensations for new Lodges granted, as
The charter of Mahoning Lodge, No.394, was destroyed by fire July 2, 1879, and dispensation issued authorizing the Lodge to continue work until this session, and recommend a new charter be issued.
Proxies were issued to the following Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at last session:
October 24, 1878, Bro. S. S. Williams, Mt. Blanchard Lodge No.519; November 5, Bro. J. Dorr Norton, Liberty Center Lodge, No.518; December 9, Bro. C. A. Collins, Adoniram Lodge, No.517; and the following Brothers to dedicate Masonic Halls and lay corner stones of buildings:
December 11, 1878, Bro. F. W. Firman, to dedicate new Hall of Findlay Lodge, No.227; December 28, Bro. Jacob Randall, to take charge of the effects of Miami Valley Lodge, No.393, at Springboro, Warren County; April 14, 1879, Bro. Adam Frank, to dedicate the new Hall of Farmersville Lodge, No.482, at Farmersville, Montgomery County; May 16, Bro. Oakley Case, to dedicate the new Hall of Philodorian Lodge, No.157, at Nelsonville, Athens County; June 6, Bro. A. G. Byers, to lay the corner stone of Belmont County Orphans' Home, near Barnesville.
All of whom have performed the duties assigned to them.
On March 29, 1879, an emergent communication of the Grand Lodge was opened at Wooster to attend the funeral of Past Grand Master George Rex, deceased.
On June 24, a special communication at Circleville, to dedicate their Masonic Temple, under the auspices of Pickaway Lodge, No.23; Mt. Vernon Commandery, No.1, of Columbus acting as escort of the Grand Commander from Columbus to Circleville and return.
Reports a large number of visitations to install Officers, attend county conventions of Lodges, and other Masonic festivals, and refers especially to a visit to Past Grand Master William J. Reese, at Lancaster, now the oldest living Grand Master of this Grand Lodge. Grand Master from 1834 to 1842 inclusive.
Complaint having been made by a number of Brethren residing in the northwestern part of the state, that many of the Craft there were being induced to take part in the reception of illegitimate degrees unknown to and contrary to the spirit of the regulation of this Grand Lodge, the Grand Secretary was directed to address a circular to each Lodge in this jurisdiction, warning the Craft against the visitation of itinerant disseminators of unrecognized degrees.
He reports twelve decisions, and that the Grand Secretary had received two dividends from the assignee of Brother Phillips amounting to $910.80, leaving a balance due of $3,127.22.
The Grand Secretary reported that our aged Bro. Nathaniel Benjamin, attendant on this Grand Lodge for over forty years, was unable to attend in consequence of the death of a beloved daughter, and the Grand Secretary was directed to send him a letter of regret and condolence.
Brother J. D. Caldwell, Grand Secretary, introduced Bro. Theodore S. Parvin, Past Grand Master and present Grand Secretary of the M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of Iowa, who was received with Grand Honors and addressed the Grand Lodge. He was later made an Honorary Member of the Grand Lodge, with the rank of Past Grand Secretary.
The M.·. W.·. Grand Master presented Bro. John Loring Vattier, R.·. W.·. Past Deputy Grand Master of 1847; and Bro. William B. Dodds, M.·. W.·. Past Grand Master of 1854, of Cincinnati, who were received with Grand Honors and seated in the east.
The proposition to reduce the mileage to six cents a mile was adopted by a unanimous vote.
Rule 2 of the Code was amended by adding the following: "Provided however, that so much of the By-Laws of a Subordinate Lodge as relates to, and fixes the time of the stated meetings thereof, and the a mount of the annual dues, may be altered or changed without submitting the same to the Grand Lodge for approval."
Brother T. P. Gordon, Grand Treasurer, submitted his report as follows: receipts from the Grand Secretary, $10,468.50; expenditures, $9,189.74; balance in hands of Grand Treasurer, $1,278.76.
The Committee on Accounts also reported that there was due from the late Grand Treasurer Phillips to the Grand Lodge after the payment of the dividends amounting to $910.80, a balance of $3,127.22.
The Grand Secretary under date of December 12, 1879, reports that he is advised by the trustees in bankruptcy of Bro. F. J. Phillips, former Grand Treasurer, that a further dividend of $405.00 was awarded to the Grand Lodge, which when paid will leave the balance due the Grand Lodge, $2,722.02 (page 111 of the proceedings).
The Committee on Obituary of Past Grand Master Geo. Rex, presented an appropriate testimonial of his private and Masonic life and character, which is printed in the proceedings (pages 61 to 62).
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted its report covering eight pages, giving a condensed review of the proceedings of 39 Grand Lodges, some of them for two years.
The proposed amendment of Section XIX of the By-Laws so as to provide that Lodges shall pay the Grand Lodge thirty-five cents instead of twenty-five cents per capita tax each year, was adopted by a vote of more than three-fourths, and the per capita tax is now thirty-five cents.
A regulation for the consolidation of Lodges was presented and under the rules lies over to the next session for action.
The Grand Secretary was authorized to expend not exceeding $100.00 in binding proceedings and returns in his office, and to have the proceedings of this session printed, and distributed as usual.
The Grand Lodge decided that where a member of a Lodge is expelled for non-payment of dues and is afterwards reinstated, the Lodge should pay the Grand Lodge dues to his expulsion, not after.
Charters were granted to the following
Lodges, U. D.:
New charters were granted to Mahoning Lodge, No.394, and Gorham Lodge, No.387, in lieu of the originals destroyed by fire; also a new charter to Glendale Lodge, No.186, formerly Springdale, No.186.
In the matter of the claim of the Masonic Board of Relief of San Francisco against Middleport Lodge, No.363, for monies expended for the relief of a member of Middleport Lodge, the committee reported, "Your committee are of the opinion that this Grand Lodge has no power to compel a subordinate to refund monies voluntarily expended by a foreign Lodge in Masonic charity to a member of the former, but we hold, and so state, as the sense of this Grand Lodge, that Masonic charity and duty require that Lodges should extend to all worthy destitute members, whether within or without their territorial jurisdiction, all needed assistance; and offer the following resolution:
"That it is the duty of Middleport Lodge, No.363, so far as it may be able, to repay to said Board of Relief whatever monies may have been necessarily expended by it in the relief of the member of their Lodge, * * * " which report was adopted.
Brother Reuben C. Lemmon, of Toledo, was elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master; Bro. Chas. C. Kiefer, of Urbana, Deputy Grand Master; Bro. Charles Brown, of Cincinnati, R.·. W.·. Grand Treasurer, and the balance of the elective Grand Officers were reelected to fill their present stations, all of whom were duly installed; the bonds of the Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer in the sums of $10,000.00 each approved and filed; October 19, A. D. 1880, and Columbus, fixed as the time and place of holding the next annual communication.
A fine portrait of R.·. W.·. John D. Caldwell, Grand Secretary, faces the title page of the proceedings.
The Grand Lodge adopted the following resolution:
"Resolved, * * * That any Master Mason in good standing in his Lodge who has paid all charges against him, is entitled, upon his request, to a dimit without any condition or qualification."
A vote of thanks was tendered Gibson Brothers for their kindness in donating the use of Melodian Hall to this Grand Body, and the free use of committee rooms.
The Masonic Veterans of Ohio held their seventh anniversary. The following Officers were elected:
President, Thomas Morgan, Mechanicsburg; Vice Presidents, John H. Achey, Dayton; W. M. Cummins, Troy; Edward D. Clarke, Pataskala; W. S. Phares, Columbus, Smith H. Clarke, Shanesville; Secretary and Treasurer, John D. Caldwell, Cincinnati.
A letter of condolence was sent to Veteran Bro. N. Benjamin. A number of new members admitted (page 104).
A list of the amendments adopted to the By-Laws and Code, and decisions approved by Grand Lodge will be found on pages 104 to 110 of the proceedings.
M.·. W.·. REUBEN C. LEMMON, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 19, A. D. 1880, with Grand Master
R. C. Lemmon in the Chair; all the elective Grand Officers; Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb (1869), and W. M. Cunningham (1875); and Past Deputy Grand Master M. D. Brock (1856), present, and over two hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his address reporting that he issued special proxies to the following Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at the last communication, and install their Officers:
C. M. Godfrey, Sycamore Lodge, No.520; S. S. Williams, Thoruville Lodge, No.521; Wm. McCoy Kilgore Lodge, No.523, all of which were promptly performed.
The Grand Master constituted Wakeman Lodge No.522, and installed its Officers, November 1, 1879.
Proxies were also issued to the following
Brother to dedicate new Masonic Halls of the following
February 24, 1880, Bro. Waters, Hall of
Gorhan Lodge, No.387, Fayetteville;
Received applications for new Lodges at Center burg, Knox County; and Lower Salem, Washington County; and Rowland, Morgan County; but refused to grant either for reason that it was feared neither would prove self sustaining, and papers are referred to the Grand Lodge.
On October 5, formed the Grand Lodge at Genoa, Ottawa County, and dedicated the new Hall of Genoa Lodge, No.433.
Convened the Grand Lodge at Elyria in November, 1879, and with the aid of Brothers A. H. New-comb, Heman Ely and a large concourse of Brethren laid the corner stone of the beautiful courthouse of Lorain County.
On July 28, 1880, convened the Grand Lodge at Toledo, and in the presence of over four hundred Masons, and many thousands of their friends, placed the foundation stone of Masonic Temple now being erected in that city.
November 20, 1879, received application from Evansport Lodge, Evansport, Defiance County, for permission to remove the Lodge to Stryker, Williams County, four or five miles, and a protest from the Lodge at West Unity, Williams County, claiming it would impair its usefulness, and the same are referred to the Grand Lodge for action.
Calls attention to a circular from Racine Lodge, No.461, asking aid, and recommends the Grand Lodge prohibit its subordinates from asking aid until permission has been given them by the Grand Lodge.
Brown Lodge, No.235, at Minerva, surrendered its charter and personal effects, and its real estate is encumbered to its full value.
Calls attention to Section XXI of the By-Laws of the Grand Lodge, and recommends their amendment.
Announces the deaths of Bro. Wm. R. Hawes, Chairman of the Committee on Grievances at the last session; of Bro. John M. Barrere, Past Junior Grand Warden, 1839-41; and Bro. Peter Thatcher.
Reports sixty-three decisions and his correspondence with Ohio Lodge, at Bladensburg, in regard to a member expressing views on the Bible.
The Deputy Grand Master reports the dedication to Masonic purposes the beautiful suite of rooms prepared by the Brethren of Dayton at very great expense of time and money.
The rules and procedure for the consolidation of Lodges as presented by the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence at the last session (pages 54 to 56), and laid over to this session were taken up and adopted; and are added to the rules of the Grand Lodge. They cover a page, and are too lengthy for insertion here.
The report of the Grand Treasurer was submitted, referred to the Committee on Accounts, and found correct; shows a balance in his hands of $2,225.31.
Also a statement of the account of former Grand Treasurer F. J. Phillips. Amount of balance due October 22, 1879, $3,127.22; dividends since paid the Grand Secretary, $525.76; October 20, 1880, balance due Grand Lodge, $2,601.46.
Brother G. T. Hovey, Worshipful Master of American Union Lodge, No. 1, Marietta, presented a photograph of David Putnam, who was elected Grand Secretary at Chillicothe, January 7, A. D. 1808, at the first election of Officers by this Grand Lodge, with the following communication or sketch:
"Brother David Putnam, first Grand Secretary, Grand Lodge of Ohio. Was born at Pomfret, Conn, February 24, 1769, removed to Marietta, Ohio, in 1798; died March 31, 1856, aged 87 years. Was a member of American Union Lodge as early as June 6,1798; elected Secretary of No.1, in 1800, served four years; elected Junior Deacon, 1804; elected Junior Warden, 1805; elected Treasurer, 1809, re-elected, 1811. Was appointed with Rufus Putnam November 2, 1807, a committee to draft instructions to the delegates elected by the Lodge, consisting of Ichabod Nye, William Skinner and Robert Olive; to represent American Union Lodge, No.1, at Chillicothe on the first Monday in January, 1808, for the purpose of forming a Grand Lodge of Ohio, at which meeting he was elected Grand Secretary."
It was received with thanks, and an appropriation of $150.00 made for the purpose of having placed in the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 1880 a steel engraving of Brother David Putnam, the first Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, which was done.
The Committee on Obituaries of Brothers John M. Barrere, William R. Hawes and Peter Thatcher, reported appropriate testimonials, which are printed in the proceedings, pages 57 to 60.
A committee of three Brothers and the Grand Master was appointed to submit at next Grand communication for approval a codification and revisal, if deemed necessary, of the Constitution, By-Laws, Rules, Decisions of the Grand Lodge, and the Code of Masonic Jurisprudence. Brothers J. Kelly O'Neal, C. C. Kiefer and W. M. Cunningham, were appointed with the Grand Master.
The Grand Secretary was instructed to print a list of such Grand Lodge proceedings as are needed to flil the sets in the Grand Lodge archives, and distribute the same to Grand Bodies with whom we are In correspondence. The list is printed in the proceedings (pages 130 to 133), and same was sent out as directed, separately.
The decisions of the Grand Master were approved on recommendation of the Jurisprudence Committee.
The Grand Lodge of Liberia was recognized, and the matter of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales was continued to next session.
An attempt was made to reduce the Grand Lodge dues to twenty-five cents, which failed, and they remain at thirty-five cents.
The Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence reported in favor of sustaining the Grand Lodge of Quebec in its controversy with the Grand Lodge of Scotland, which had invaded its territory, and interdicting communication with the members of Lodges made by Lodges established by said Grand Lodge of Scotland, which report was adopted, thus again sustaining the doctrine of exclusive jurisdiction.
The committee to whom was referred the portion of the Grand Master's address in relation to the communication of Bro. A. C. Scott, of Ohio Lodge, relative to the Holy Bible, approve the same and submit a report covering two pages in which they' carefully review the whole subject, and reaffirm the position of the fraternity with reference to this Great Light of Masonry, which was adopted.
No charters for new Lodges were granted at this communication. The applications of Rowland and Lower Salem for dispensations for new Lodges were refused.
No report was submitted by the Committee OR Foreign Communications.
Brother R. C. Lemmon was re-elected Grand Master, and Bro. C. C. Kiefe; R.·. W.·. Deputy Grand Master, and they and the other Grand Officers were, duly installed. The Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer each filed their bonds in the sum of $10,000.00, which were approved.
The Grand Secretary prints on pages 124 and 125 a list of all the Grand Secret an es of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, giving the dates of their service, which is valuable for reference, and on page 129 a table of the population and number of Masons in every state in the Union; the population under the census of 1800 in the United States being 50,152,559, and the number of Masons 545,887.
M.·. W.·. REUBEN C. LEMMON, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at Music Hall, Hall's Block, Toledo, Tuesday, October 18, 1881, with Grand Master R C. Lemmon in the Chair; all the Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb, Chas. A. Woodward and Wm. M. Cunningham, present, and over three hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his annual address, reporting that he had issued special dispensations, as follows:
Gerard Lodge, No.428, to hold its meetings for three months in Odd Fellows hall; Superior Lodge, No.179, to continue work, said Lodge having lost its charter by fire.
Issued special proxies to Brethren to dedicate Halls, lay corner stones, etc., as follows:
June 14, Bro. E. Hurgely, to lay the corner stone of the courthouse then being erected at Cambridge; July 26, Bro. C. C. Kiefer, to lay the corner stone of the new Masonic building at Ironton; Bro. A. H. Newcomb, to lay the corner stone of the new court-house at Sidney, July 4.
Received a petition from Brethren at Oakwood, Paulding County, for dispensation to form a new Lodge there, which I refused for the reason it would not be self-supporting.
Issued a dispensation for a new Lodge at Price Hill, Cincinnati.
That the differences between the Grand Lodge of Quebec and the Grand Lodge of Scotland, were adjusted, the Grand Lodge of Scotland withdrawing and surrendering exclusive jurisdiction to the Grand Lodge of Quebec, which receives the Lodges organized by the Grand Lodge of Scotland, who transfer their allegiance to the Grand Lodge of Quebec.
Announces the union of the Grand Lodges heretofore known as the Grand Lodge of Colon and the Grand Lodge of Cuba under the name of the "United Grand Lodge of Colon and the Island of Cuba," and they ask recognition, and claim to have been recognized by forty-six Grand Lodges.
Also that the Grand Lodge of Minnesota and Dakota have satisfactorily adjusted their differences; but differences have arisen between the Grand Lodges of Missouri and New Mexico, which remain a subject of controversy.
The edicts issued by the Grand Lodge of New York in 1880 against Masons of Connecticut have been withdrawn, and their differences referred to arbitration.
Rendered thirteen decisions which are submitted for approval.
Calls attention to the death of Bro. James A. Garfield, President of the United States, and invites "an expression by the Grand Lodge of its detestation of the great crime and of its sympathy with the bereaved family."
Announces the deaths of Brothers Albert G. Mackey, and of Allen H. Crowe, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia. Also the death of Brother Flavius J. Phillips, who was elected Grand Treasurer of this Grand Lodge in October, 1855, and served as such continuously until 1878, twenty-three years, and says: "Financial misfortunes, those unwelcome visitors who will sometimes come to us unbidden, came to him and abode with him in his latter years. Brethren, I believe that I but express the sense of the members of this Grand Lodge who knew Brother Phillips, when I say of him, he was a zealous Mason, a genial Brother, and an honest man. I invoke for him kind recollections."
The Deputy Grand Master reported that on August 5, 1881, he laid the corner stone of the new Masonic hall of Lawrence Lodge, No.198, Ironton. The building will be an ornament to the city, and the financial provisions of the Brethren of Ironton are sufficient to insure complete success of the enterprise.
In September dedicated to Masonic purposes the new Masonic Hall of East Liberty Lodge, No.247, at East Liberty, and the Brethren deserve commendation for their enterprise.
The report of the Grand Treasurer shows a balance in his hands October 18, 1881, $4,595.86.
The Grand Lodges of Ohio and Kentucky exchanged fraternal greetings.
The dedication of the splendid new Masonic Temple, at Toledo, by the Grand Lodge was fixed as the special order for two o'clock P. M. of the first day, and it was dedicated with full Masonic ceremonies that afternoon. A picture of the building with a description, and the ceremonies of dedication, the address of the Grand Orator and other interesting memoranda will be found on pages 126 to 131 of the printed proceedings of 1881.
The Grand Lodge of Indian Territory, organized in 1874, was extended fraternal recognition; the same having heretofore been inadvertently omitted.
The United Grand Lodge of Colon and the Island of Cuba was recognized and welcomed as was the Grand Lodge of New South Wales.
The Select Committee on the Memorial to Brother James A. Garfield, reported an eloquent and patriotic testimonial, which was adopted and printed in the proceedings. His portrait faces the title page, with the following underneath:
"Ohio gave him to the nation; the nation, the world, mourn his loss."
New charters were granted to Caledonia Lodge, No.416, and Superior Lodge, No.179, in lieu of originals destroyed by fire, and to Edenton Lodge, No.332, in lieu of original defaced.
Price Hill Lodge was continued under dispensation to the next session; the application for dispensation for a new Lodge at Oakwood, Paulding County, was refused, as was the application of certain members of Locust Grove Lodge, No.365, to remove to Sinking Spring, and to change the name to Sinking Spring Lodge, No.365.
The proposed amendment of Section XXII of the By-Laws, presented at the last session, (page 63, proceedings 1880), and laid over to this session was considered and adopted.
Brother C. F. Hicks offered another amendment to this Section, (page 41, proceedings 1881), which was laid over to the session of 1882. [Memorandum: This amendment came up at the 1882 session and was not adopted, (page 63, proceedings 1882), and the same remains as adopted at this session.]
The Committee on Codification and Revision, appointed in 1880, reported a number of amendments to the Constitution, By-Laws, etc., (pages 42 to 44), which under the rules go over to the next session, and the committee were granted permission to have their revision of the Code, etc., printed, and presented to the Grand Lodge at its next annual Grand communication.
A Committee on Library to care for and arrange the books and papers of the Grand Lodge; the expenditures to be limited to the appropriations heretofore made, was appointed.
No charters were granted to new Lodges at this communication.
Brother R. E. Richards, representative of the Grand Lodge of New Jersey, near this Grand Lodge reported that at the annual communication of the Grand Lodge of New Jersey, held at Trenton, January 19, 1881, on recommendation of Grand Master Hamilton Wallis, the original charter of Nova Cesarea Lodge, No.10, issued by the Grand Lodge of New Jersey in 1791, was returned to that Lodge as a souvenir of the past, to remain in the custody of said Lodge during the pleasure of that Grand Lodge. This Lodge worked under this warrant or charter from 1791 until 1806, when it surrendered it to the Grand Lodge of New Jersey and connected itself with the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. In 1808 it was one of the five Lodges that united to form the Grand Lodge of Ohio, and has since been known as Nova Cesarea Harmony Lodge, No.2, of Cincinnati.
Memorials to Bros. Albert G. Mackey, and F. J. Phillips were presented, and are printed in the appendix.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted its report covering 71 pages and reviewing the proceedings of 54 Grand Lodges, one of them for three and a number for two years.
Under the head of "New Jersey," the Grand Master's address on the subject of N. C. Harmony Lodge, and the return of its original charter is given in full.
There are many good things in this report, which will well entertain the Brother who will peruse it.
Brother Charles C. Kiefer, of Urbana, was elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master; Bro. S. Stacker Williams, of Newark, Deputy Grand Master, and the other elective Grand Officers were re-elected to fill their present stations, and all were duly installed. The Grand Lodge selected Cleveland as the place, and Tuesday, October 17, A. D. 1882, as the time for holding the next annual communication.
The Masonic Veterans Association held its annual meeting in the Masonic Temple. The President, Nathaniel Benjamin, who was made a Mason in 1824, in St. John's Lodge, Dayton, was in the city, but unable to attend. Bro. Moses Kirby, a State Senator, resident in Upper Sandusky, made a Mason in June, 1820, was elected President, and J. D. Caldwell, Secretary and Historian. A banquet was served, and a large number of new members received. The proceedings are printed in the appendix to the Grand Lodge proceedings.
M.·. W.·. CHARLES C. KIEFER, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at Case Hall, Cleveland, Tuesday, October 17, A. D. 1882, Grand Master Chas. C. Kiefer in the Chair; all the Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb (1869), C. A. Woodward (1876), W. M. Cunningham (1877), R. C. Lemmon (1881), present, and over three hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his address calling attention to the fact that thirty-one years ago he first attended the Grand Lodge in this city in 1851, and the many changes since that occasion.
Proxies were issued to the following Brothers authorizing them to dedicate Masonic Halls, and lay corner stones:
October 9, 1881, Pro. A. A. Strong, to lay the corner stone of the City Hall in Ashtabula; December 14, Bro. R. E. Richards, to dedicate the Hall of Hicksville Lodge, No.478, December 27; January 11, 1882, Bro. C. H. Garrigues, to dedicate new Hall of Riddle Lodge, No.315, February 13; August 11, Bro. L. S. Molen, to lay the corner stone of new Masonic Hall to be built by Felicity Lodge, No.102; September 19, Pro. C. H. Garrigues, to dedicate new Masonic Hall of Clinton Lodge, No.47, Massillon.
Special dispensations were issued to the
following Lodges to ineet in ilaUs with other Societies:
Granted dispensations for new Lodges at
the following places:
Application was made for a new Lodge at Waterloo, Lawrence County, but I declined to act, and refer it to the Grand Lodge; and also at Wellston, but I declined to entertain the application.
The charters, jewels, books, etc., of Grand River Lodge, No.297, at Harpersfield, and Richmond, No.473, were taken up and are in the hands of the Grand Secretary.
Reports the holding of a number of county conventions and the interest taken in and the success of these meetings. At Bellaire, Bemont County, the corner stone of a Soldiers' Monument was laid, in the presence of a large concourse of Brethren and citizens.
At the request of Lawrence Lodge, No.198, Ironton, the Grand Master on June 24, 1882, dedicated their beautiful Masonic Hall erected by said Lodge.
Reports a number of decisions, and reviews at length the action of this Grand Lodge at various times in relation to the Holy Bible, and criticizes a remark of the Chairman of the Foreign Correspondence Committee in relation thereto, in his report of 1881, showing it is at variance with the universal action of this Grand Lodge on the subject of this "Great Light,' and concludes as follows: "Can any stronger proof be needed to show the estimation in which 'Book of the Law' has always been held by the Grand Lodge of Ohio?"
The Deputy Grand Master reported he had installed the Officers of a number of Lodges, attended many of the county conventions, the annual meeting of the Tuscarawas County Masonic Association, and as a proxy of the Grand Master on July 12, 1882, had dedicated the Hall of Harrisonville Lodge, No.411, at Harrisonville, Meigs County, and on October 3, the Hall of Alliance Lodge, at Alliance.
Issued dispensations for the formation
of two new Lodges, as follows:
The Grand Master rendered a number of decisions on the subject of "Maimed Persons."
The Grand Lodge at the invitation of the Committee on Arrangements on cars provided for that purpose visited Lake View Cemetery; and at the tomb of the departed Brother, President James A. Garfield, deceased, the Grand Chaplain, Rev. Lafayette Van Cleve, delivered an appropriate address.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence offered the following resolutions, which were adopted:
"Resolved, That the amicable adjustment of the long standing difficulty between the Grand Lodges of New York and Connecticut, growing out of what is known as the "Webotuck Matter" meets the hearty approval of this Grand Lodge.
"Resolved, That we congratulate the Brethren of Missouri and New Mexico upon the happy termination of the misunderstanding between their respective Grand Lodges, Missouri having, by the withdrawal of all claim of jurisdiction over Silver City Lodge, located within the Masonic territory of New Mexico, fully and unqualifiedly indorsed the American doctrine of exclusive Grand Lodge Sovereignty."
Brother Brenton D. Babcock, the representative of the Grand Lodge of Utah, made his report in which he assured the Grand Lodge that no polygamist or adherent to the Mormon faith could become a member of any of its Lodges, or remain therein, and cited cases of trial and expulsion on that account; which was referred to a select committee, who reported commending the Grand Lodge of Utah and its Subordinates for its stand and action on this subject, and offered the following resolution, which was adopted:
"Resolved, That the Grand Lodge of Ohio, holding as it does, that the advocacy and practice of polygamy, at the present day, are in contravention, both of the laws of God and man, and that there is no practical difference between one who advocates and one who practices such an evil, do most heartily endorse and approve of the action of the Grand Lodge of Utah in its effort to free its membership from any complicity in and responsibility for that great evil.
"Resolved, That the communication be published in the report of the proceedings of this Grand Lodge, in connection with the report of the committee."
Brother Caldwell called attention to the correspondence from M.·. W.·. Brother W. E. Anderson, Grand Master of Florida, as to the sufferings of Masons at Pensacola from yellow fever, whereupon the sum of two hundred dollars was appropriated and placed in the hands of the Grand Master to be expended for that purpose.
The Grand Secretary reported his attendance at the celebration by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania of its one hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and that the celebration was of great Masonic interest, and enjoyed by all present for the valuable historical addresses on Masonry, by the highest officials of that state and the ablest of her Masonic sons.
The committee appointed in 1881 to codify the Masonic Laws and revise the Code and By-Laws reported the same, together with the burial service, and the same were adopted and ordered printed; also the decisions of the Grand Lodge, and the same were printed and bound in paper covers, making with the index a pamphlet of 174 pages.
The Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence to which was referred a communication of "Samuel W. Clark, Grand Master of Masons," of date Cincinnati, October 12, 1882, addressed to "Charles C. Kiefer, M.·. W.·. Grand Master of Masons," reported as follows:
"Your Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence, to whom was referred the communication of Samuel W. Clark, who subscribes himself the M.·. W.·. Grand Master of Masons, have had the same under consideration, and given it such attention as the matter and spirit of the paper seem to demand, and report that the communication is a demand for recognition by this Grand Lodge, of a class of persons claiming to be Masons, but who have 'been more than once declared to be acting in direct violation of one of the fundamental rules of the Craft in America, and that while they continue to claim rights under their present organization this Grand Lodge must adhere to its former decisions, and decline to recognize the existence of any Masonic organization in this Grand Jurisdiction not acknowledging allegiance to this Grand Lodge. They therefore ask to be relieved from any further consideration of the subject;" which report was adopted.
The "statement of facts," so called, was read to the Grand Lodge and filed, but not printed.
The same committee to whom was referred the decisions of the Grand Master on the subject of "maimed persons," reported that the regulations of this Grand Lodge makes the "ancient charges" a part of its constitutional laws, and they require "that a candidate for initiation be "without maim or defect," hence the committee recommend the reversal of any decision that may be in conflict therewith; which was adopted.
The committee to whom was referred the recommendation of the Grand Master as to providing a permanent location for the Grand Lodge reported that owing to the present state of its finances it was not expedient to take any steps in the premises, which was adopted.
The Grand Lodge decided that it would not recognize a dimit issued by a Lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Orient of France, which it has interdicted on account of its atheism, but it does recognize a dimit issued by authority of the Supreme Council of France, which it recognizes.
Brother S. S. Williams, for Committee on Library, made a lengthy report which was referred to Committee on Ways and Means; which reported in favor of appropriating $300.00 for the use of the library, and the same was adopted and the appropriation made.
The Grand Treasurer's report was examined by the Committee on Accounts, found correct and approved; the balance in his hands October 17, 1882, being $5,919.24.
The Grand Lodge appropriated to the Garfield Monument Association, the sum of $500.00 toward the erection of a monument to the memory of our illustrious brother, the late President of the United States, James A. Garfield.
Charters were issued for new Lodges, as follows:
Price Hill, No.524, at Cincinnati, Hamilton
Garfield, No.528, at Shreve, Wayne County Locust Grove No.365, at Locust Grove, Adams County, was removed to Sinking Spring, Highland County, and its name changed to Sinking Spring Lodge, No.365.
The dispensation to Stark Lodge issued in 1882, was continued to next session.
The petition of Jerusalem Lodge, No.19, to remove from Hartford to Brier Hill, Trumbull County, was not granted; but the appellation in its charter whereby it is located at Vernon, is changed to Hartford, to conform to the facts and to the resolutions of the Grand Lodge in 1854.
The petition for a dispensation to locate a Lodge at Waterloo, Lawrence County, was not granted.
A dispensation was ordered issued for Cortland Lodge, at Cortland, Trumbull County.
The petition of Deersville Lodge, No.423, located at Deersville, to be consolidated with Mystic Tie Lodge, No.194, was granted, and said Lodges consolidated under and by the name of Mystic Tie Lodge, No.194, located at Uhrichsville.
On request of Brother Asher Cook, the Grand Secretary was authorized, if the original charter of Phoenix Lodge can be found in the archives, to return it to said Lodge, and if not found to prepare a duplicate of the same.
The proposed amendment of Section XXII of th By-Laws of the Grand Lodge proposed at 1881 session (page 41), was taken up and the proposed amendment was not agreed to; thereupon Brother Lawrence proposed another amendment, which lies over to th 1883 session for action thereon.
Amendments to the By-Laws submitted at the 1881 session (page 43) were taken up and adopted but as the By-Laws as amended appear in the revised Code, they are not noted here.
The report of the Foreign Correspondence Committee, covering one hundred and two pages, and reviewing the proceedings of fifty-six Grand Lodges, is printed in the appendix, and seekers after Masonic information and statistics of these jurisdictions are referred thereto.
Brother Charles C. Kiefer was re-elected M.·. W.·.
Grand Master, and Bro. Joseph M. Goodspeed, of Athens, R.·. W.·. Deputy Grand Master, and the Grand Officers installed. Columbus selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 16, A. D. 1883, the time of holding the next annual communication of the Grand Lodge.
The report of the Grand Secretary shows 30,900 Master Masons in Ohio.
The Masonic Veteran Association met in the banquet room of Holyrood Commandery Knights Templars, where a banquet was furnished by the Sir Knights of that commandery, the evening of October 17, A. D. 1882.
Brother William Phares, of Columbus, was
elected President; Brothers C. C. Kiefer, O. Waters,
The proceedings will be found on page 230
of the printed proceedings.
M.·. W.·. CHARLES C. KIEFER, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 16, A. D. 1883, with Grand Master C.C. Kiefer in the Chair; all the Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb (1869), C. A. Woodward (1876), Wm. M. Cunningham (1877), R. C.Lemmon (1881); and Past Deputy Grand Master S.S. Williams (1881), present, and over four hundred Lodges represented.
The Grand Master read his annual address: Announces the death of Bro. Henry E. O'Hagen, and pays a beautiful tribute to his life and high stand. mg as a Mason and citizen.
Proxies were issued to the following Brothers to constitute the Lodges chartered at the last session, and install their Officers:
Brother S. S. Williams, Adeiphi Lodge, No.527; Shawnee Lodge, No.526; Garfield Lodge, No.528, who performed the duties assigned to him; Bro. E. U. Kirk, Price Hill Lodge, No.524, at Cincinnati; Brother Kirk reports the Lodge room, which is nicely furnished, is in the Elevator building on Price Hill, overlooking the city, four hundred and seventy feet above the Ohio River, and thinks these Brethren may be called "High Masons."
The Grand Master constituted Champaign Lodge, No.525, and installed its Officers.
Proxies were also issued to the following Brothers to dedicate Masonic Halls, lay corner stones of Masonic and public buildings, as follows:
October 9, 1882, Bro. A. A. Strong, to lay the corner stone of a new city hall in the town of Ashtabula; October 19, Bro. L. VanCleve, to dedicate the new Masonic Hall erected by the Brethren of Massillon; December 20, Bro. Fletcher Lee, to dedicate the new Hall of Felicity Lodge, No. 102, on December 27; Bro. Brenton D. Babeock, to dedicate the new Hall of Dover Lodge, No. 489, in Dover; January 30, 1883, C. M. Holcomb, to dedicate the new Hall of Morning Dawn Lodge, No. 7
The Brethren at Minerva, Stark County, have done no work under the dispensation issued February 1, 1882, and express a desire to surrender their dispensation; and their dispensation, jewels, etc., were shipped to the Grand Secretary, and the matter is referred to the Grand Lodge for action.
Golden Rule Lodge, No.331, surrendered its charter, and it with the jewels, books, seal, etc., are in the hands of the Grand Secretary.
Dispensations for new Lodges were issued,
Petitions were received for dispensations for new Lodges at West Mansfield, Logan County; Millersport, Fairfield County; and referred to the Grand Lodge.
On February 27, the Grand Master dedicated the new Hall of Mad Piver Lodge, No.161, at West Liberty, and on the 28th of February, consecrated to Masonic purposes a new suite of rooms fitted up by the Masonic Fraternity of Urbana, in very handsome style, with drop curtains provided for the different degrees.
"On May 4, visited Springfield, and dedicated, as I believe, the finest Lodge room in this Grand jurisdiction, and the Brethren of that city may be pardoned for claiming to be in possession of the Cathedral of Ancient Craft Masonry in Ohio."
On May 8, visited Sanford L. Collins Lodge, No.396, Toledo, witnessed the work conducted by W.·. M.·. LaFayette Lyttle, and which was rendered in a quiet, dignified and impressive manner.
Calls attention to the disastrous flood of February, 1883, and appeals for relief and reports that he had drawn a draft on the Treasurer for two hundred and fifty dollars, and placed the amount in the hands of the "Masonic Relief Committee" of Cincinnati; and in May received a draft from Bro. William B. Melish, secretary of the committee, for seventy-five dollars unexpended, which was turned back to the Grand Treasurer.
He made the trip "across the continent" to the Pacific slope, during the last few weeks, and as Grand Master of Ohio, was very kindly and fraternally received. While in the city of Sacramento he visited the grave of Bro. Isaac Davis, who was a member of this Grand Body many years, commencing at the session of 1838. He was made a Mason in 1821, in Amity Lodge, No.5, Zanesville; and was one of the pioneers of California, and the odor of his life is very precious to the Craft of the Golden State. Fine portraits of this old veteran grace the walls of the Masonic Temples in Sacramento and San Francisco. He died October 23, 1869.
Also had the pleasure of meeting at a session of Tehama Lodge, Sacramento, a brother of Isaac Davis, Col. John W. Davis of St. Louis, who at the ripe old age of seventy-nine years paid a visit to the Masons of a state that had so highly honored his brother. He was made a Mason in Somerset Lodge, No.76, Somerset, Ohio.
The Grand Treasurer submitted his report, which was referred to the Committee on Accounts, who find the balance on hand October 16, 1883, $17,788.88.
The Grand Lodge of the territory of Arizona, recently organized, was duly recognized and welcomed.
The Committee on Grand Lodge Library made an extended report, showing the number of books on hand, purchased, bound, etc., the receipts and expenditures, which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, together with a resolution offered by P. G. M. A. H. Newcomb.
This committee reported that it would not be expedient at present for the Grand Lodge to establish a Grand Lodge Library, and that the project be for the present abandoned, which was adopted.
Brothers S. C. Chorlton and J. Hope Sutor, presented a memorial on behalf the Order of the Eastern Star, praying that said Order be excepted from the provisions of the resolution (resolutions 23 and 24 of Grand Lodge), adopted by this Grand Lodge at its session of 1868, and that said resolution be rescinded so far as regards the Order of the Eastern Star, and that Lodges be permitted to allow their Halls to be used by Chapters of that Order, which was referred to the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence, who reported adversely to the prayer, and this report was adopted by the Grand Lodge.
The select committee to whom was referred
the portion of the Grand Master's address referring to
The Committee on Ways and Means reported in favor of approving the action of the Grand Master in advancing two hundred and fifty dollars for the relief of the flood sufferers in the Ohio Valley in February, 1883, which report was adopted.
Charters were granted to the following
new Lodges, U. D.:
Buford Lodge, No.254, was granted permission to change its location to Sardinia, Brown County, and its name to Sardinia Lodge, No.254.
The petitions of Paddys Run Lodge, No.264, to change location from New London to Okeana was not granted for lack of consent of Oxford Lodge, and was referred to Grand Master with power to act.
The petition of Warsaw Lodge, No.255, to locate permanently at Spring Mountain was granted.
In the matter of Portland Lodge, No.366, no petition or papers being submitted to the committee, it was referred to the Grand Master with power to act.
The petition for dispensation for Roby Lodge, at Monroeville, was granted, and the petition for Alturas Lodge to be located at Millersport, Fairfield County, not granted.
The petitions for the consolidation of Conrad Lodge, No.494, and Alliance Lodge, No.271, was agreed to, and the Grand Master was authorized to perfect the consolidation when said Lodges have complied with the rules and regulations of the Grand Lodge on the subject of consolidation of Lodges.
The same action was taken in reference to the petitions of Warner Lodge, No.410 and Xenia Lodge, No.49, under the name of Xenia Lodge, No.49.
Attention is called to the conflict of Article VIII, page 113 of Code of By-Laws with Section XIX, page 25.
On motion of P. G. M. R. C. Lemmon, Article VIII of the Uniform Code of By-Laws required to be adopted by Lodges U. D., was rescinded as to suspension for non-payment of dues.
The Committee on Foreign Correspondence submitted their report, covering 100 pages, and reviewing the proceedings of 51 American and 3 Foreign Grand Lodges, and it is printed as an appendix to the proceedings.
Memorial pages and testimonies to our lamented Brothers Cornelius Moore, for thirty years editor of the Masonic Review, published at Cincinnati, who died at Windsor, Canada, June 3, 1883; and Henry F. O'Hagan, Grand Standard Bearer of the Grand Commandery of Ohio, K. T., who died December 11,1882; and Thomas Jefferson Larsh, Past Grand High Priest of the Grand Chapter of Ohio, R. A. M., who died August 30, 1883; were set aside to their memories and will be found on pages 151 to 155 of the proceedings.
The recapitulation of the Grand Secretary's report shows the membership of the Subordinate Lodges reporting for the year 1883, to be 31,053.
Brother Joseph M. Goodspeed, of Athens, was elected W.·. M.·. Grand Master; Bro. S. S. Williams, of Newark, Deputy Grand Master, and the other elective officers were re-elected to fill their present stations, and all were duly installed.
Columbus was selected as the place, and Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1884, the time for holding the next annual communication of the Grand Lodge.
The Masonic Veteran Association of Ohio, met at the banquet hall of the Columbus Lodges on the evening of October 16, 1883, where a substantial banquet was provided and partaken of.
The Secretary announced the death of Bro. Cornelius Moore, and suitable resolutions to his memory were adopted.
A large number of new members were received, and a social session held at which numerous speeches were made and diplomas issued to new members.
Brother W. S. Phares, of Columbus, was re-elected President, and Bro. J. D. CaIdwell, Secretary and Historian. The proceedings are printed on pages 206 and 207 of the proceedings.
W.·. M.·. JOSEPH M. GOODSPEED, GRAND MASTER
Grand Lodge convened at City Hall, Columbus, Tuesday, October 21, A. D. 1884, with Grand Master Joseph M. Goodspeed, Grand Master in the Chair; all the other Grand Officers, and Past Grand Masters A. H. Newcomb, W. M. Cunningham and R. C. Lemmon, present, and over four hundred Lodges represented.
W.·. M.·. Grand Master presented a communication in writing from Samuel W. Clark, of Cincinnati, addressed to him, and passed it over to the Grand Secretary, which was read by him to the Grand Lodge, and, on motion, referred to the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence. The R.·. M.·. Deputy Grand Master presented a similar document, which had been addressed to him, which was also referred to the same committee.
The Grand Master read his annual address,
reporting dispensations issued for new Lodges at the following places:
Applications were made for dispensations at other places, which are referred to the Committee on Charters.
On application of M.·. W.·. Josiah I. Wright, Grand Master of Masons of Georgia, appointed Bro. Charles I. Wilson, of Atlanta, Ga., representative of this Grand Lodge near the Grand Lodge of Georgia. Brother Wilson was for a time a constant attendant of the Grand Lodge, and as Worshipful Master of Paramuthia Lodge, No.25, conferred the first degrees of Masonry on your present Grand Master, and it gave me great pleasure to confer this honor upon him. The Grand Master visited Atlanta, Ga., in December, 1883, and met M.·. W.·. Grand Master John S. Davidson, and M.·. W.·. Past Grand Master J. I. Wright, who were making an official visit to the Lodges of Atlanta, at which meeting he was most cordially and fraternally received and welcomed, and says: "Masonry is not in name merely in Georgia, it is in deeds."
Proxies were issued to the following Brothers to constitute the new Lodges chartered at the last session, as follows, and to install their Officers:
October 25, 1883, Bro. S. F. Bartlett,
Cortland Lodge, No.529; November 6, Bro. B. F. Ellsberry,
Proxies were issued to the following Brothers
to dedicate new Halls:
The Grand Master made a number of visitations to Lodges to inspect the work, settle differences, participate in banquets and social meetings.
On June 24, 1884, he visited Tiffin, accompanied by a number of the Grand Officers and Past Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge, Grand Chapter, Grand Council and Grand Commandery of Ohio, for the purpose of laying the corner stone of the new courthouse in that city, with Masonic ceremonies, which was done in the presence of a vast concourse of Masons and citizens; Gen. W. H. Gibson was the orator of the day.
In the evening he returned to Toledo, visited S. L. Collins Lodge, No.396, inspected the work, and at the close, with over two hundred Brethren enjoyed an elegant banquet.
On June 26, by invitation of American Union Lodge, No.1, he laid the corner stone of the M. E. Church, at Marietta; Athens Commandery, No.15, K. T., accompanied and acted as escort to the Grand Lodge.
On July 31, he dedicated the Lodge room of Temperance Lodge, No.73, at Sidney, and on December 6, 1883, visited Coshocton Lodge and dedicated the Masonic Lodge room at that place; being accompanied from Newark by R.·. W.·. Bro. S. S. Williams and an escort of Knights Templars from Newark Commandery. Returned to Newark and on the evening of the 7th, visited Newark Lodge, No.97, and Ahiman Lodge, No.492, and installed their Officers, and the Officers of Newark Commandery, and partook of a bountiful supper.
On February 20, accompanied by Bro. S. S. Williams, he dedicated the room of Bellville Lodge, No.876, and enjoyed an elegant banquet.
On September 13, 1884, by invitation of Zaleski Lodge, No.472, he laid the corner stone of their new Masonic building.
He visited Newark Lodge, No.97, on the occasion of conferring the M. M. degree by R.·. W.·. D. G. M. S. S. Williams upon his son. About sixty different Lodges and eight different Grand Lodges were represented, and had the pleasure of meeting Bro. W. G. Bennett, M. .W. Grand Master of West Virginia, on this occasion.
On October 25, 1883, he issued a dispensation permitting Portland Lodge, No.366, to occupy the I. O. O. F. Hall until this session, their own Hall being unfinished.
On October 29, he issued a dispensation to Winchester Lodge, No.236, to meet in I. O. O. F. Hall, they being unable to obtain another room since theirs was destroyed by fire.
On November 20, he issued a dispensation allowing Portsmouth Lodge, No. 395 to move their Lodge and property into another Hall secured by them for that purpose.
The Lodge room and effects o£ Pharos Lodge, No.355, having been destroyed by fire, he issued a dispensation permitting them to continue work and meet in the I. O. O. F. Hall until this session.
Xenia Lodge, No.49, lost its room by fire January 26, 1884, and a dispensation was issued permitting them to occupy the I. O. O. F. Hall until this session.
Jeffersonville Lodge, No.468, having secured a home, permission was granted May 5, 1884, for them to move their effects to their new room.
Mt. Washington Lodge, No.450, requested permission t6 occupy the I. O. O. F. Hall, their Hall being in an unsafe condition, and same was granted until this session.
The room of Olive Lodge, No.210, located at Sarahsville, was burned with its jewels and effects, except the records, and permission was given them to secure a proper room in which to meet.
May 13, permission was granted to Hoffner Lodge, No.253, to occupy the Hall of the Sons of Temperance.
May 13, dispensation was issued to Temperance Lodge, No.73, located at Sidney, to occupy their new home.
Attention of all Lodges occupying rooms with other orders is called to the fact that the Grand Master's dispensation for such occupancy is only good until the next session of the Grand Lodge, and must be renewed or granted by the Grand Lodge.
Hazen Lodge, No.251, was chartered to meet in Morristown, Belmont County. By dispensation issued April 24, 1867, by M.·. W.·. Thomas Sparrow, then Grand Master and approved at the 1867 communication by the Grand Lodge, the Lodge was permitted to move to Belmont, and has been meeting there ever since. On February 11, 1884, I received an application from the Lodge for permission to return to Morristown, as they could now secure a good and suitable room there, and a dispensation was issued for the removal and the Grand Lodge was asked to approve the same.
Xenia Lodge, No.49, and Warner Lodge, No.410, having complied with the rules and regulations as to consolidation, I authorized their consolidation under the title of Xenia Lodge, No.49.
Conrad Lodge, No.494, and Alliance Lodge, No.271, have not yet complied with said rules and are not consolidated.
Oxford Lodge, No.67, having consented that Paddys Run Lodge, No.264, might change from New London to Okeana, I authorized the change.
Reports sixteen decisions which were referred to the Jurisprudence Committee and approved.
Announces the deaths of the following Brothers:
In March, 1884, another disastrous flood spread over the Ohio Valley and an appeal went forth for assistance.
I telegraphed the Grand Secretary to draw an order on the Grand Treasurer for two hundred dollars to be used for relief, and to make a call through the press for aid from the Lodges in the state. The response was prompt and liberal both from Lodges within the state, and I believe from every Grand Lodge in the United States. The Masonic Relief Association of Cincinnati had contributed $2,080.00. The Masonic Flood Committee, of which Bro. Levi C. Goodale is President; Bro. M. J. Mack, Treasurer; and Bro. Wm. B. Melish, Secretary, had $13,726.29 placed at their disposal. Your Grand Master received $1,888.95, of which there is in his hands unexpended $318.25, to be refunded pro rata whence it came.
In addition to this many Lodges contributed directly, of which we have no record.
The Grand Master on page 19 of the proceedings gives a detailed statement of the contributors and amounts received by him, and the Grand Secretary on pages 205 to 209, gives the statement of amounts received by the two relief associations at Cincinnati.
The Deputy Grand Master submitted his report of numerous visits to Lodges to inspect the work, in stall Officers, attend banquets and Masonic festivals, attendance on the Grand Master in his visits, the laying of corner stones, etc., and his constituting Pleasant Valley Lodge, No.531, at Pleasantville.
The Grand Treasurer submitted his report showing a balance in his hands $22,133.82, which was referred to the Committee on Accounts and found correct.
The Grand Secretary submitted his report containing a catalogue of the Grand Lodge Library, see appendix, pages 226-243; also a list of the titles of all the Ohio Lodges, pages 243-253; also alphabetical list of names and numbers, post offices, and of the Masters and Secretaries in 1884, of all Ohio Lodges, pages 254-262; also the history of veteran Lodges which have ceased to exist, where the numbers remain vacant, pages 263-265; all of which are valuable for reference, see also page 296.
The M.·. W.·. Grand Lodge of Louisiana tendered the Ohio Grand Lodge and Masons a cordial and fraternal invitation to the hospitalities of that Grand Lodge, during the World's Exposition to be held in New Orleans, commencing December 3, 1884, and continuing for six months; and during the annual communication of the Grand Lodge to be held in that city from the 9th to the 13th of February, 1885, assuring them a hearty welcome and cordial reception and treatment.
The Grand Master announced a request had been made for the Grand Lodge to conduct the Masonic ceremonies of laying the corner stone of a government edifice in the city of Columbus, which invitation was accepted, and at 2 o'clock P. M., October 21, the Grand Master presiding, the Grand Lodge reassembled, marched in procession to the place where the building is to be erected, and with proper Masonic ceremonies proceeded to lay the corner stone; after which Bro. Henry D. Moore, as orator, delivered an address, and at the conclusion of the ceremonies the Grand Lodge reformed in procession and marched to the city hall.
The full ceremonies are printed in the proceedings.
The Grand Lodge of South Australia, organized April 16; 1884, by thirty-one of the thirty-three Lodges in the jurisdiction joining in the organization; and this Grand Lodge was duly recognized and welcomed as a sister Grand Jurisdiction.
On report of the Committee on Ways and Means, the action of the Grand Master drawing the draft for $200.00 for the relief of the Ohio Valley Flood Sufferers, was approved.
The amendment of Section XVI of the Grand Lodge By-Laws fixing the Grand dues was amended making the dues twenty-five cents, instead of thirty-five cents.
Brother Elwood E. Thorne, Past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New York, and present representative of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, near that Grand Lodge, was introduced, received and welcomed with Masonic Grand Honors, and delivered a felicitous address.
Brother Enoch T. Carson read from a report made in the Grand Lodge of Illinois, on the Memphis Rite, and moved its reference to the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence, when Bro. E. L. Lybarger moved to lay the resolution on the table, which motion prevailed.
The Committee on Jurisprudence to whom was referred the communications addressed to the Grand Master and Deputy Grand Master by Samuel Clark, report they find nothing therein requiring the attention of this Grand Lodge, and ask to be discharged from further consideration of the subject, which was adopted.
Brother Garstin submitted a proposition contemplating representation in the Grand Lodge by districts, which was referred to the Judiciary Committee, who reported adverse thereto, and their report was adopted.
The following resolution on the subject of the 8ale of intoxicating liquors was offered by Bro. L. VanCleve, and adopted:
Resolved, That it is the opinion of the Grand Lodge of Ohio that the traffic in intoxicating liquors to be drank where sold is a Masonic offense, and shall disqualify the offender for initiation or affiliation in any Masonic Lodge.
Brother Enoch T. Carson offered a resolution requiring the Grand Secretary to republish in the proceedings of this session the report of the Judiciary Committee on the subject of "Side Degrees on Ladies," etc., printed in Vol. I of the reprint, pages 302 and 303, which was accidently overlooked by the committee when the decisions, etc., of the Grand Lodge was collated and printed in 1882; which was adopted, and will be found on pages 185 and 186 of 1884 proceedings.
Brother R. C. Lemmon, refused to accept and turned back into the Grand Lodge Treasury the one hundred dollars voted to him at the last session of the Grand Lodge as a testimonial of his services in collating and printing the Code, Decisions, etc., and Bro. Allen Andrews moved to re-appropriate the sum to purchase a testimonial, when Bro. E. T. Carson moved to modify so as to authorize the M.·. W.·. Grand Master in behalf the Grand Lodge to secure an engraved likeness of P. G. M. Lemmon, that imprints therefrom may be bound in the proceedings of this Grand Lodge as a frontispiece; which as modified was adopted, and a fine likeness of Past Grand Master R. C. Lemmon graces the frontispiece of the proceedings of 1884, as a permanent testimonial to this distinguished Mason.
The Committee on Obituaries reported proper testimonials to the memories of Brothers Charles Sherman Pyle, Benjamin and Horace Stevens, Charles H. Ostrander, Joseph R. Conrad, and Past Grand Master William J. Reese, which are printed in the proceedings pages 190 to 200; that of Brother Reese from page 194 to 200. Brother Reese was the first Grand Master in the United States to submit a written address to his Grand Lodge, and his example was soon followed by others and became the rule over the United States. His was the first report on Foreign Correspondence, a practice now universal in every Grand Jurisdiction. He was the chairman of the committee "to prepare a Constitution and revise the By-Laws of the Grand Lodge, the labor of which resulted in the publication for the first time in Ohio of the "Ancient Constitutions; the Constitution of the Grand Lodge; the By-Laws of the Grand Lodge; Rules and Regulations of the Grand Lodge for the Government of Subordinate Lodges, Charges, Prayers and Formula, etc." In their fundamental character these regulations, in a large sense, are the same now as when formulated. In regard to the work of this committee, Brother Reese in his last communication to the Grand Lodge, says:
"There will be found in this short compilation more variety than is met with in any single one of the published Monitors and Charts; and in my opinion many of the forms are improved."
Brother Reese served this Grand Lodge as its Grand Master from 1834 to 1843; as Grand High Priest of the Grand Chapter of Ohio, Royal Arch Masons, from 1836 to 1839; as Most Illustrious Grand Master of the Grand Council of Royal and Select Masters of Ohio, from 1838 to 1843; as Commander of Lancaster Encampment, No.2, Knights Templars, from 1838 to 1843; and held the following offices in the General Grand Encampment of Knights Templars of the United States: at the session at Washington D. C. December 7, 1835, elected Grand Senior Warden; at the session held in Boston, September 12, 1838, elected General Grand Captain General; at the next session held in the city of New York, September 14, 1841, elected General Grand Generalissimo, all of which offices he filled with credit to himself and honor to the Masonic Fraternity.
His reports and addresses in all these bodies were gems of literature and Masonic learning, and should be read by all Masonic students. The following excerpt from his report on the death of Bro. James D. Caldwell to the Grand Lodge in 1856 is among one of the beautiful passages from his pen:
"The grave is a preacher of real potentialities, extending through all time and felt in eternity. It is certainly a generous feeling which seeks to transplant upon it the flowers which bloomed in beauty through the life of its inmate, thus to perpetuate their fragrance and keep its memory green. This task it should always be the agreeable province of friendship to perform."
At the communication of the Grand Chapter R. A. M., in October, 1841, P. G. H. P. Reese installed the Grand Officers and delivered addresses to the Grand Officers and Grand Chapter, which by unanimous vote were ordered printed in the proceedings, and will be found on pages 214 to 217 of the reprint.
Charters were issued for the following
new Lodges, U. D.:
Dispensations were granted for Lodges at Wellston and Fort Recovery. The applications from Greenwich and Canal Winchester for dispensations were deferred for want of information.
Brother J. M. Goodspeed was re-elected M.·. W.·. Grand Master, and the balance of the Grand Officers were re-elected to fill their present stations, and all were duly installed.
Cincinnati was selected as the place and October 20, A. D. 1885 as the time for holding the next annual communication.
The report of the Foreign Correspondence Committee covering 134 pages, was submitted and is printed in the proceedings, pages 30 to 164, reviewing the proceedings of 57 Grand Lodges, and as usual abounds with information of the proceedings and procedure of the various Grand Lodges and their Grand Officers.
The committee in concluding their report, say:
"We have labored diligently for weeks in its preparation; * * * and yet the percentage of the membership in Ohio who will gather treasures from its garnered stores, we fear, will be exceedingly light. This ought not to be so, Masons should be well informed. The Foreign Correspondence reports of a Grand Lodge are valuable adjuncts to its usefulness, because the few, the students, who do read them are the teachers and leaders in Masonry. They shape the entire policy, and destiny as well, of the Masonic institution."