Appendant and concordant bodies of Freemasonry
The fraternity of
Freemasonry, also known as "Free and Accepted Masons,"
is organized by private groups of members variously
known in English as lodges, chapters, councils,
commanderies, consistories, etc., which can be
collectively referred to as "Masonic bodies".
The basic Masonic
body is the "Masonic lodge", which alone can make a
Mason, and confers the first three degrees in Masonry,
being that of Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and
While there is no
degree in Freemasonry higher than that of Master Mason,
there are a number of related organizations
which have as a prerequisite to joining that one be a
Master Mason, such as the Scottish Rite and the York
there are also organizations affiliated with Freemasonry
that admit both Master Masons and non-Masons who have
some relation to a Master Mason, such as the Order of
the Eastern Star, International Order of Job's Daughters
and the Order of the Amaranth. Still other affiliated
organizations like the Order of DeMolay and the
International Order of the Rainbow for Girls admit
non-Masons and have no requirement that an applicant be
related to a Master Mason.
Leesburg Lodge No. 58
is proud that a number of our members
have continued their Masonic education
through active participation in one of
several Masonic appendant and concordant bodies. Here
we provide an overview of some of those
organizations and links to websites which will provide detailed
information. If you want
additional information just give us a
call or contact the local body in your area.
The term York Rite is a term most often used in the
United States of America to refer to a collection of
Masonic degrees that, in most other countries, are
conferred separately. As such, it constitutes one of the
two main branches of Masonic Appendant Bodies in United
States Freemasonry, which a Master Mason may join to
further his knowledge of Freemasonry. Its name is
derived from the city of York, where, according to a
Masonic legend, the first meetings of Masons in England
took place, although only the lectures of the York Rite
College make reference to that legend.
The other principal branch of Freemasonry in the United
States is the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.
The divisions within the York Rite and the requirements
for membership differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction,
but the essentials are the same. In all the workings,
the one requirement is that all applicants be in
possession of the degree of Master Mason (the third
degree of Freemasonry).
For more information on the York Rite Degrees and York
Rite Bodies in our area, click
The Ancient and
Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry commonly known as
simply the Scottish Rite, is one of several Rites of the
worldwide fraternity known as Freemasonry. A Rite is a
series of progressive degrees that are conferred by
various Masonic organizations or bodies, each of which
operates under the control of its own central authority.
In the Scottish Rite the central authority is called a
degrees of the Scottish Rite are conferred by several
controlling bodies. The first of these is the Craft
Lodge which confers the Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft,
and Master Mason degrees. Craft lodges operate under the
authority of Grand Lodges, not the Scottish Rite.
The Scottish Rite
is one of the appendant bodies of Freemasonry that a
Master Mason may join for further exposure to the
principles of Freemasonry. In England and some other
countries, while the Scottish Rite is not accorded
official recognition by the Grand Lodge, there is no
prohibition against a Freemason electing to join it. In
the United States, however, the Scottish Rite is
officially recognized by Grand Lodges as an extension of
the degrees of Freemasonry. The Scottish Rite builds
upon the ethical teachings and philosophy offered in the
craft lodge, or Blue Lodge, through presentation of the
For more information on Scottish Rite
Degrees and Scottish Rite Bodies in our area,
ORDER OF THE EASTERN STAR
The Order of the Eastern Star is
the largest fraternal organization in the world that both men and women
can join. It was established in 1850 by Rob Morris, a lawyer and
educator from Boston, Massachusetts, who had been an official with the
Freemasons. It is based on teachings from the Bible, but is open to
people of all monotheistic faiths. It has approximately 10,000 chapters
in twenty countries and approximately one million members under its
General Grand Chapter. Members of the Order are aged 18 and older; men
must be Master Masons and women must have specific relationships with
Masons. Originally, a woman would have to be the daughter, widow, wife,
sister, or mother of a master Mason, but the Order now allows other
relatives as well as allowing Rainbow Girls, Triangle Girls, and Job's
Daughters to become members when they become of age
For more information on Order of
the Eastern Star, click here.
Order of the
Amaranth is a Masonic-affiliated women's organization
founded in 1873. As in the Order of the Eastern Star,
members of the Order must be age 18 and older; men must
be Master Masons; and women must be related to Masons as
wives, mothers, daughters, widows, sisters, nieces,
aunts, et cetera, or have been active members of the
International Order of the Rainbow for Girls or Job's
Daughters International for more than three years and be
recommended by a Master Mason.
Amaranth was based
on Queen Christina of Sweden's court. Christina had
created the "Order of the Amarantha" for the ladies and
knights of her court. In 1860, James B. Taylor of
Newark, New Jersey drew upon this order to create a new
In the Order's
teachings, the members are emphatically reminded of
their duties to God, to their country and to their
fellow beings. They are urged to portray, by precept and
example, their belief in the "Golden Rule" and by
conforming to the virtues inherent in TRUTH, FAITH,
WISDOM and CHARITY they can prove to others the goodness
promulgated by the Order.
organized into Courts, under Grand Courts at the State
level. The primary body is called the Supreme Council.
Women members of the Order are addressed as "Honored
Lady", while men are referred to as "Sir Knight".
information on Order of the Amaranth,
TALL CEDARS OF LEBANON
The Tall Cedars of Lebanon of
North America is one of the various appendant bodies of Freemasonry,
open only to Master Masons in good standing in a regular Masonic Lodge.
Unlike the York Rite or Scottish Rite, which confer Masonic degrees
which extend or expound upon basic craft Masonry, Tall Cedarism is more
a social body, like the Shriners. Its motto, "Fun, Frolic, &
Fellowship," is indicative of this social bent. Its members are
distinguished by the pyramid-shaped hats they wear at their functions
For more information on Tall
Cedars of Lebanon of North America,
ORDER OF THE DEMOLAY
DeMolay is open for membership to young
men between the ages of 12 to 21, and
currently has about 36,000 members in
the United States and Canada
and several thousand more
world wide. It uses a model of
mentoring; adult men and women called
advisors, often past DeMolay members or
fathers and mothers of DeMolays, mentor
the active Demolay members. An advisor
is referred to as 'Dad Smith' instead of
'Mr. Smith', in respect of Frank Land
and his fatherly role to the founding
members. The mentoring focuses on the
development of civic awareness,
leadership skills and personal
Founded by a Freemason, DeMolay is
closely modeled after Freemasonry. It is
not directly connected to Freemasonry,
though it normally meets in a Masonic
Lodge room. DeMolay is considered to be
part of the Masonic Family, along with
other youth groups like Job's Daughters
and the Rainbow Girls. Like the Rainbow
Girls, a young man does not need to have
a family tie or sponsor in a Masonic
organization to join DeMolay.
DeMolay has seven Cardinal Virtues,
which are the soul structure of what
they follow. These Cardinal Virtues are:
For more information on Order of the
JOB'S DAUGHTERS INTERNATIONAL
International is a Masonic sponsored youth organization
for girls aged 10 to 20. The organization is commonly
referred to as simply Job's Daughters or Jobies, and is
sometimes abbreviated and referred to as JDI (or IOJD,
the original initialism). Job's daughters is focused on
the Holy Bible but celebrates and welcomes many
religions and cultures.
chapter is called a Bethel, and each is numbered
sequentially according to when they were instituted in
their jurisdiction. They usually meet at a Masonic Lodge
building and when they are in session they refer to the
meeting place as the Bethel room.
information on Job's Daughters International,
RAINBOW GIRLS, THE INTERNATIONAL
The International Order of the
Rainbow for Girls (IORG) is a Masonic youth service organization which
teaches leadership training through community service. Girls (ages
11-20/21) learn about the value of charity and service through their
work and involvement with their annual local and Grand (state or
country) service projects.
For more information on
International Order of the Rainbow Girls,
ANCIENT ARABIC ORDER OF THE NOBLES
OF THE MYSTIC SHRINE
Shriners International is a
fraternity based on fun, fellowship and the Masonic principles of
brotherly love, relief and truth. There are approximately 375,000
members from 191 temples (chapters) in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and
the Republic of Panama
Shriners International support
Shriners Hospitals for Children, a one-of-a-kind international
health care system of 22 hospitals dedicated to improving the lives
of children by providing specialty pediatric care, innovative
research and outstanding teaching programs. Since 1922, Shriners
Hospitals for Children have significantly improved the lives of more
than 865,000 children.
If you hold the title of
Master Mason in Freemasonry, you qualify and are invited to join the
For more information on
Shriners International, click
The Grotto was
founded in the summer of 1889 to organize and hold
informal meetings for fun and good fellowship. At the
meeting of September 10, 1889, the group called the
"Fairchild Deviltry Committee" restrict membership to
Master Masons in good standing.
The idea of the
Order proved to be attractive, and many Masons joined.
In response to requests, other groups were formed in
other areas, and on June 13, 1890 the former "Fairchild
Deviltry Committee" duly established and formed the
Supreme Council, Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets of the
Enchanted Realm. Its purpose was to add in greater
measure to the Masonic fraternal spirit the charm of
radiant cheerfulness and to maintain within the
fraternity an impetus of royal good fellowship.
It is a social
organization for Master Masons, and as such, all Master
Masons are welcome to join. It encourages renewed
interest in the Blue Lodges, though it makes no claim to
be a part of Symbolic Craft Masonry.
distinguished by a black fez with a red tassel and a
Mokanna head in the middle.
information on Grottos of North America,
HIGH TWELVE INTERNATIONAL
High Twelve International is over
75 years old. It was founded in Sioux City, Iowa, on May 17, 1921 by E.C.
"Wallie" Wolcott. It is an organization of Master Masons who support
Masonic causes with special emphasis on youth and patriotic events.
There are approximately 21,000 members in 350 clubs nationwide and in
High Twelve is non-political and
non-sectarian and is composed of Master Masons who have a keen interest
in the welfare of humankind and take an interest in civic affairs.
High Twelve members, as Master
Masons, seek to serve civic, patriotic and humanitarian causes and
institutions through fellowship, interesting programs and projects.
For more information on High
Twelve International, click here.